{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42309", "sys_id" : "hvd_42309", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "廣化縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "广化县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Guanghua Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "265", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "589", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.95614", "longitude" : "111.67717", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省阳江市西北、阳春县西南河口镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "265", "end year" : "288", "parent id" : "hvd_34244", "name" : "高兴郡", "transcribed" : "Gaoxing Jun" }, { "begin year" : "289", "end year" : "413", "parent id" : "hvd_34239", "name" : "高凉郡", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "414", "end year" : "431", "parent id" : "hvd_34240", "name" : "高凉郡", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "432", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34245", "name" : "宋康郡", "transcribed" : "Songkang Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "广化县(265-589年)治所(张修桂编写)

三国吴甘露元年(265年)置,为高兴郡治(1)。治所在今广东省阳江市西北双捷镇(2)。宋永初元年(420年)高兴郡入高凉郡,县改属之,元嘉九年(432年)复分高凉郡以广化县置宋康郡(3)。齐后因之(4)。隋开皇十年(590年)郡废,县改名为宋康县(5)。

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(1),《晋书》卷15?地理下:广州?高兴郡:“吴置。统县五:广化,海安,化平,黄阳(校勘记,黄阳为莫阳之误),西平。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,467页)。姑作吴甘露元年置高兴郡并置广化县为郡治。晋因之。
(2),《读史方舆纪要》卷101?肇庆府?阳江县?广化废县:“在县西北。三国吴析高凉县地置广化县,为高兴郡治。晋因之,后并郡入高凉。宋元嘉九年复析置宋康郡,治广化县。齐、梁因之。隋平陈废郡,为宋康县,属高州,开皇十八年又改曰义康,大业二年省入杜原县。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4211页)。故县在阳江县西北,今姑定于阳江市西北双捷镇。
(3),《宋书》卷38?州郡志四?广州刺史?宋康太守:“本高凉西营,文帝元嘉九年立。”领县九:“广化令,《晋太康地志》有,属高兴,《永初郡国》属高凉;”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1200页)。据此,高兴郡当在晋太康之后、宋元嘉九年以前废入高凉郡,今姑作宋永初元年废高兴郡,广化县改属高凉郡。文帝元嘉九年复分高凉郡以广化县置宋康郡。
(4),《南齐书》卷14?州郡志上?广州?宋康郡:“广化,石门,化隆,遂度,威覃,单城,开宁,海邻,舆定,绥定。”(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,264页)。
(5),《隋书》卷31?地理下?高凉郡?杜原:“旧曰杜陵。梁置杜陵郡,又有永宁、宋康二郡。平陈,并废为县。十八年改杜陵曰杜原,宋康曰义康。大业二年二县并废入杜原。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,882页)。", "source uri" : "" }