{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42307", "sys_id" : "hvd_42307", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "杜原縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "杜原县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Duyuan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "598", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "621", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.75043", "longitude" : "111.62740", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省阳西县织篢镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "598", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34242", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34122", "name" : "高凉郡", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_34123", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42306", "name" : "杜陵县", "transcribed" : "Duling Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "杜原县(598-621年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋开皇十八年(598年)以杜陵县改名,属高州(1)。治所在今广东省阳西县织篢镇(2)。大业三年(607年)属高凉郡(3)。唐武德五年(622年)复改名为杜陵县(4)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下:“高凉郡,梁置高州。”统县九,首县“高凉:旧置高凉郡。平陈废,大业初复置。”杜原县:“旧曰杜陵。梁置杜陵郡,又有永宁、宋康二郡。平陈,并废为县。十八年改杜陵曰杜原,宋康曰义康。大业二年二县并废入杜原。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,882页)。
(2),《太平寰宇记》卷158?恩州?阳江县:“废杜陵县,西北一百二十里。旧六乡。隋杜原县,唐武德五年改为杜陵。去海三十里。以上二县,皇朝开宝六年废入阳江。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,28册。)

《读史方舆纪要》卷101?肇庆府?阳江县?杜陵废废:“在县西百二十里。梁置县并置杜陵郡治焉。隋平陈郡废,开皇十八年改县曰杜原,属高州。唐复曰杜陵县,贞观中”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4211页)。
《嘉庆一统志》卷449?高州府?古迹?杜陵废县:“在阳江县西…一百二十里,去海三十里。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,168册)。道光《阳江县志》卷1?古迹?古杜陵县:“相传在县西一百二十里白石都。”宣统元年《广东地舆全图》阳江县图:县西有白石岭村、白石垌,在莲塘水之南。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。今据此定杜陵县于阳西县织篢镇。
(3),见注(1)。
(4),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?恩州:“隋高凉郡。武德四年,平萧铣置高州都督府,管高、春、罗、辩、雷、崖、儋、新八州。七年,割雷、崖、儋、新属广州。贞观二十三年,废高州都督府,置恩州。天宝元年,改为恩平郡。乾元元年,复为恩州。”领县三:“恩平,州治所,汉合浦郡也,隋置海安县,武德五年改为齐安,至德二年九月改为恩平也;杜陵,隋杜原县,武德五年改为杜陵也;阳江,隋置县也。”高州:“隋高凉郡。旧治高凉县,后改为西平。贞观二十三年,分西平、杜陵置恩州,高州移治良德县。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1720-1721页)。", "source uri" : "" }