{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42302", "sys_id" : "hvd_42302", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "高涼縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "高凉县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Gaoliang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "511", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "621", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.86499", "longitude" : "111.88705", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省阳江市西白沙镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "511", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34241", "name" : "高凉郡", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34242", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34122", "name" : "高凉郡", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_34123", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "511", "end_year" : "555", "child id" : "hvd_95231", "name" : "龙门县", "transcribed" : "Longmen Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42301", "name" : "安宁县", "transcribed" : "Anning Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "高凉县(511-621年)治所(张修桂编写)

梁天监十年(511年)以安宁县改名,为高州治(1)。治所在今广东省阳江市西白沙镇(2)。隋大业三年(607年)为高凉郡治(3)。唐武德五年(622年)改名西平县(4)。

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(1),据注《方舆纪要》、《一统志》,‘梁复改安宁为高凉县,兼置高州治焉。’‘盖梁时复改安宁为高凉也。’《南史》卷51?吴平侯励传:徙广州刺史,岁中数献,武帝叹曰:“朝廷便是更有广州。”励以南江危险,宜立重镇,乃表台于高凉郡立州。敕以为高州。(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1262页)。今作梁武帝天监十年于高凉郡立高州时,改安宁为高凉县。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷447?肇庆府?古迹?高凉废县:“在阳江县西。汉置,属合浦郡。后汉建安末,孙权立高凉郡。晋时郡治安宁县,以高凉县属之。刘宋移郡治恩平,领安宁而无高凉,盖省入也。《南史》梁吴平侯励,以南江危险,表以高凉郡置高州。《隋书地理志》高凉郡,梁置高州治高凉县,盖梁时复改安宁为高凉也。唐武德五年,改高凉曰西平,贞观中省。通志,唐西平县,在今县西三十里。汉高凉县,在今县北,无考。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,167册)。据此,安宁县于齐改名高凉县,又于唐武德五年改名西平县。《一统志》西平县在阳江县西三十里,道光《阳江县志》卷1?古迹?古西平县:“相传在县西三十里虔儒都,今名白沙墟。”当即今阳江县西白沙镇。
(3),《隋书》卷31?地理下:“高凉郡,梁置高州。”统县九,首县“高凉:旧置高凉郡。平陈废,大业初复置。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,882页)。
(4),《唐书》卷43上?地理7:“恩州恩平郡,本齐安郡,贞观二十三年以高州之西平、齐安、杜陵置。大顺二年徙治恩平。”县三:“恩平,本海安,武德五年曰齐安,至顺二载更名。有西平县,本高凉,亦武德五年更名,后省;杜陵,本杜原武德五年更名;阳江。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1100页)。", "source uri" : "" }