{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42290", "sys_id" : "hvd_42290", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "陽春縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "阳春县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yangchun Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "557", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "1005", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.17591", "longitude" : "111.79068", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省阳春县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "557", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34254", "name" : "阳春郡", "transcribed" : "Yangchun Jun" }, { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34242", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34122", "name" : "高凉郡", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34113", "name" : "春州", "transcribed" : "Chun Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34114", "name" : "南陵郡", "transcribed" : "Nanling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "971", "parent id" : "hvd_34006", "name" : "春州", "transcribed" : "Chun Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "972", "end year" : "972", "parent id" : "hvd_34001", "name" : "恩州", "transcribed" : "En Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "973", "end year" : "1005", "parent id" : "hvd_34007", "name" : "春州", "transcribed" : "Chun Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "阳春县(557-1005年)治所(张修桂编写)

陈永定元年(557年)置,为阳春郡治(1)。治所即今广东省阳春县(2)。隋开皇十年郡废,县属高州,大业三年属高凉郡(3)。唐武德四年于县置春州,天宝元年为南陵郡治,乾元元年复为春州治(4)。五代因之,宋开宝五年废春州,县属恩州,六年复为春州治(5),景德三年(1006年)迁治(6)。

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(1),《舆地纪胜》卷98?广南东路?南恩州:“吴属高兴县,置海安县。宋属东官郡。齐置齐安郡,海安以县属焉。梁置阳春郡。隋平陈二郡皆废入高州高凉郡,以海安、阳春二县隶焉。唐平萧铣,立春州(《唐志》,武德四年以高凉郡之阳春县置春州)。”阳春县:“《元和郡县志》于春州载云,汉置合浦郡,今州即汉合浦郡之高凉县下,梁于此置阳春郡,无属县,陈置阳春县以属之。隋平陈废阳春郡,以县属高州。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,3册,3057-3060页)。据此,梁阳春郡无附郭县,作陈永定元年置阳春县为附郭县。
(2),《读史方舆纪要》卷101?肇庆府?阳春县?废春州:“即今县。…城邑考:春州城,唐武德四年创筑,宋皇祐二年增修。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4208页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷447?肇庆府?古迹?阳春废郡:“今阳春县治。梁置。隋平陈废为县。唐于县置春州。…宋景德中,本道转运使以州城水土恶弱,迁于铜石,越数岁,复归于旧。大中祥符九年并入新州,天禧四年复置,熙宁六年废。县志,故春州治,在阳春县北八十里铜石山南,即宋时所移也。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,167册)。阳春郡以阳春县为治所。据以上资料,陈至宋景德二年,阳春县治所即今广东省阳春县。景德三年,阳春与春州同时迁治于铜石山南,大中祥符九年春州废,阳春县复归于今阳春县治。
(3),《隋书》卷31?地理下:“高凉郡,梁置高州。”统县九,有阳春县:“梁置阳春郡。平陈,郡废。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,880-881页)。
(4),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?春州:“隋高凉郡之阳春县。武德四年,平萧铣置春州。天宝元年,改为南陵郡。乾元元年,复为春州。”阳春县:“州治所。汉高凉县地,属合浦郡,至隋不改也。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1718页)。
(5),《舆地纪胜》卷98?广南东路?南恩州、春州:“唐平萧铣,立春州(《唐志》,武德四年以高凉郡之阳春县置春州),太宗(贞观二十三年)又立恩州。(天宝元年)改恩州为恩平郡,(乾元元年)复为恩州。五代为南汉所有。皇朝平岭南,(开宝五年)废春州,以其地隶恩州,寻复置春州(开宝六年)。仁宗(庆历八年)时,以河北路贝州为恩州,仍于旧恩州上加南字作南恩州。分二十三路隶广南东路。寻又废春州为阳春县,隶南恩州(熙宁六年)。今领县二,治阳江。”阳春县:“《国朝会要》云,开宝五年废春州来隶南恩州,六年复置春州,省流南、罗水二县入焉。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,3册,3057-3060页)。
(6),据注(2),作宋景德三年,阳春与春州同时迁治于铜石山南,大中祥符九年春州废,阳春县复归于今阳春县治。", "source uri" : "" }