{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42272", "sys_id" : "hvd_42272", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "始昌縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "始昌县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shichang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "443", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "606", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.46823", "longitude" : "112.69590", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省四会县北龙江镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "443", "end year" : "478", "parent id" : "hvd_34202", "name" : "乐昌郡", "transcribed" : "Lechang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "479", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34203", "name" : "乐昌郡", "transcribed" : "Lechang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "591", "parent id" : "hvd_34192", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "592", "end year" : "600", "parent id" : "hvd_34193", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "601", "end year" : "605", "parent id" : "hvd_34194", "name" : "番州", "transcribed" : "Fan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "606", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34195", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "始昌县(443-606年)治所(张修桂编写)

刘宋元嘉二十年(443年)置,属乐昌郡(1)。治所在今广东省四会县北龙江镇(2)。齐为乐昌郡治(3)。隋开皇十年(590年),郡废,县改属广州,仁寿元年(601年)属番州,大业三年(607年)废入四会县(4)。

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(1),《宋书》卷38?州郡志四?广州刺史:“乐昌郡:乐昌令,始昌令,宋元令,乐山令,义立令,安乐令。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1203-1204页)。按:《宋书》广州所领诸郡,均书有置立年份,唯乐昌郡不书;又文帝元嘉中期,广州立宋康、绥建、海昌、宋熙诸郡,今作文帝元嘉二十年置乐昌郡,设始昌县属之。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷447?肇庆府?古迹?始昌废县:“在四会县北。宋置乐昌郡,治乐昌县。领始昌,宋元,乐山,安乐等县。齐省乐昌,移郡治始昌,仍领三县,增置义立县。隋平陈郡废,大业初并省入四会。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,167册)。姑定点于县北龙江镇。
(3),《南齐书》卷14?州郡志上?广州?乐昌郡:“始昌,乐山,宋元,义立,安乐”。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,265页)。无乐昌县,作齐高帝建元元年移郡治始昌,以乐昌县并入。
(4),《隋书》卷31?地理下:“南海郡,旧置广州,梁陈并置都督府。平陈,置总管府。仁寿元年置番州,大业初府废。”四会县:“旧置绥建郡,又有乐昌郡。平陈,二郡并废。大业初又并始昌县入焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,880-881页)。
《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?广州:“隋开皇九年平陈,于广州置总管府,仁寿元年改广州为番州,大业三年罢番州为南海郡。隋末陷贼,武德四年讨平萧铣,复为广州。”管县十三,“四会县:本秦旧县也,属桂林郡,隋开皇十年改属广州”。(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,885-886页)。", "source uri" : "" }