{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42244", "sys_id" : "hvd_42244", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "平石縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "平石县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Pingshi Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "508", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "591", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.30192", "longitude" : "113.01344", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省乐昌县西北老坪石", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "508", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34176", "name" : "始兴郡", "transcribed" : "Shixing Jun" }, { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "590", "parent id" : "hvd_34177", "name" : "韶州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "591", "end year" : "591", "parent id" : "hvd_32837", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "平石县(508-591年)治所(张修桂编写)

梁天监七年(508年)分梁化县置,属始兴郡(1)。治所即今广东省乐昌县西北老坪石(2)。隋开皇十年(590年)属广州;十二年(592年)省入梁化县(3)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下?南海郡?乐昌县:“梁置,曰梁化,又分置平石县。开皇十二年省平石入焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。《舆地纪胜》卷90?广南东路?韶州?乐昌县:“《元和郡县图志》云,本汉曲江县地,梁天监七年,分曲江置梁化县,属始兴郡。开皇十年改属广州。《隋志》云,梁置梁化县,又分梁化县置平石县,开皇十二年省平石县入焉,十八年改名乐昌。《唐志》韶州云,武德四年析广州之乐昌县来隶。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,3册,2886页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷444?韶州府?古迹:“平石废县,在乐昌县西北。…县志,今县西郭有平石村;又县西北有平石溪,皆以故县得名。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,165册)。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》乐昌县图:县西北武水旁有地名平石街汛(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。当即平石县故址,平石街今名老坪石。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }