{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42243", "sys_id" : "hvd_42243", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "樂昌縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "乐昌县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Lechang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "598", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.13487", "longitude" : "113.34679", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省乐昌县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "598", "end year" : "600", "parent id" : "hvd_34193", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "601", "end year" : "605", "parent id" : "hvd_34194", "name" : "番州", "transcribed" : "Fan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "606", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34195", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34091", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_34077", "name" : "番州", "transcribed" : "Fan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "626", "parent id" : "hvd_34078", "name" : "东衡州", "transcribed" : "Dongheng Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "627", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34079", "name" : "韶州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34080", "name" : "始兴郡", "transcribed" : "Shixing Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_34043", "name" : "韶州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33038", "name" : "韶州路", "transcribed" : "Shaozhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_33039", "name" : "韶州府", "transcribed" : "Shaozhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42242", "name" : "梁化县", "transcribed" : "Lianghua Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "乐昌县(598-1911年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋开皇十八年(598年)以梁化县更名,属广州;仁寿元年,属番州;大业三年属南海郡(1)。治所即今广东省乐昌县(2)。唐武德四年属番州,贞观元年属韶州,天宝元年属始兴郡,乾元元年复属韶州(3)。五代宋因之(4)。元属韶州路(5)。明、清属韶州府(6)。1912年废府留县(7)。

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(1),《元和郡县图志》卷34?韶州:“秦南海郡地,汉分置桂阳郡,今州即桂阳郡之曲江县也。后汉置始兴都尉,今州即都尉所部。吴甘露元年初,立为始兴郡。梁承圣中,萧勃据岭南,于此置东衡州,隋开皇九年平陈,改东衡州为韶州,取州北韶石为名。十一年废入广州,十二年自今南海县移广州理曲江之废韶州城,即今州理是也。仁寿元年,改广州为番州,大业二年又自今始兴故镇移番州理南海县,今广州理是也。三年,以番州为南海郡。隋末陷贼,武德四年平萧铣,重于此置番州。贞观元年改为韶州,复旧名也。…管县六:曲江、始兴、乐昌、翁源、浈昌、仁化。”乐昌县:“本汉曲江县地也,梁武帝分曲江置梁化县,属始兴郡。隋开皇十年改属广州,十八年改为乐昌县。武德中改属韶州。”(北京,中华书局,下册,901-903页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷90?广南东路?韶州?乐昌县:“《元和郡县图志》云,本汉曲江县地,梁天监七年,分曲江置梁化县,属始兴郡。开皇十年改属广州。《隋志》云,梁置梁化县,又分梁化县置平石县,开皇十二年省平石县入焉,十八年改名乐昌。《唐志》韶州云,武德四年析广州之乐昌县来隶。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,3册,2886页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷444?韶州府?古迹:“梁化废县,在乐昌县东。…《舆地纪胜》,在州北八十里,废城在县西南二里,周五里,即任嚣所筑。县志,梁时故址在今县东郭,隋迁于赵佗所筑古城,在今县西南隔河二里,上抵泷口,今呼为城头。元至元十二年,为寇所焚。明洪武初,知县索彦胜迁治于城南都,即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,165册)。据县志,隋迁于赵佗所筑古城,在今县西南隔河二里,可作开皇十八年改县名迁治今县西南,即今广东省乐昌县西南“河南”明洪武初又迁今治。据此,乐昌县治所虽有三迁,但均在今广东省乐昌县治之内,今作古今相同处理。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?地理4?韶州:“隋南海郡之曲江县。武德四年,平萧铣,置番州,领曲江、始兴、乐昌、临泷、良化五县。贞观元年,改为韶州。仍割洭州之翁源来属。八年,废临泷、良化二县。天宝元年,改为始兴郡,乾元元年,复为韶州。旧领县四,…天宝领县六…。曲江…始兴…乐昌…翁源…仁化、浈昌,已上二县,天宝后新置。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1714页)。
(4),《宋史》卷90?地理6?韶州,领县五:曲江,翁源,乐昌,仁化,建福,南渡后,无建福,增县一:乳源。(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2236页)。
(5),《元史》卷62?韶州路:“元至元十三年内附,未几广人叛,十五年始定,立总管府,设录事司。…领司一、县四:曲江,乐昌,仁化,乳源。”(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1515页)。
(6),《嘉庆一统志》卷444?韶州府?建置沿革?乐昌县:“唐五代宋皆属韶州。元属韶州路。明属韶州府。本朝因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,165册)。
(7),《中华民国行政区划简表》11?广东省:曲江县,“旧韶州府附郭首县。民元裁府留县。”有‘乐昌县’(内政部编,商务印书馆,1947年,75页)。", "source uri" : "" }