{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42232", "sys_id" : "hvd_42232", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "清遠縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "清远县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Qingyuan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "590", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.72073", "longitude" : "113.02213", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省清远市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "591", "parent id" : "hvd_34192", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "592", "end year" : "600", "parent id" : "hvd_34193", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "601", "end year" : "605", "parent id" : "hvd_34194", "name" : "番州", "transcribed" : "Fan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "606", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34195", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34091", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34093", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34094", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_34004", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_33046", "name" : "广州路", "transcribed" : "Guangzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_33047", "name" : "广州府", "transcribed" : "Guangzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42231", "name" : "中宿县", "transcribed" : "Zhongsu Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "清远县(590-1911年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋开皇十年(590年)置,属广州(1)。治所即今广东省清远市(2)。仁寿元年属番州,大业三年属南海郡,唐武德四年属广州(3)。五代属兴王府(4)。宋属广州(5)。元属广州路(6)。明清属广州府(7)。1912年废府留县(8)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下?南海郡?清远县:“旧置清远郡,又分置威正、廉平、恩洽、浮护等四县。平陈并废,以置清远县。又齐置齐康郡,至是亦废入焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。
《元和郡县图志》卷34?广州?清远县:“本汉中宿县地也,梁武帝于此置清远郡,中宿县属之。隋开皇十年废郡,置清远县,属广州。”(北京,中华书局,下册,890-891页)。
(2),《元和郡县图志》卷34?广州?清远县:“观亭山,一名观峡,一名中宿峡,在县东三十五里。县昔取此峡为名。”(北京,中华书局,下册,891页)。中宿峡即今飞来峡,据方位、里距,隋置清远县当即治于今县。《嘉庆一统志》卷442?广州府二?古迹?中宿废县下:“县志:清远故城在社稷坛前。居民藉此为卫。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,164册)。
(3),《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?广州:秦并天下置南海郡。秦末赵佗窃据,汉武帝定南越,属交趾。献帝末孙权交州刺史迁交州于番禺,孙皓(按:孙休之误)分置广州,理番禺。交州迁理龙编。“隋开皇九年平陈,于广州置总管府,仁寿元年改广州为番州,大业三年罢番州为南海郡。隋末陷贼,武德四年讨平萧铣,复为广州。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,885-886页)。
(4),光绪五年《广州府志》卷6?广州府沿革表?南汉:“兴王府,[注]高祖乾亨元年改广州为兴王府,领县十三。”有‘清远’县(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第1号,110页)。
(5),《宋史》卷89?地理六?广南东路?广州:领县八。有‘清远’县。(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2235页)。
(6),《元史》卷62?地理五?江西等处行中书省?广东道宣慰使司都元帅府?广州路:“元至元十三年内附,后又叛。十五年克之,立广东道宣慰司,立总管府并录事司。元领八县,而怀集一县割属贺州。”“领司一、县七:录事司。南海。番禺,与南海俱倚郭。东筦。增城。香山。新会。清远。”(中华书局,1976年,5册,1514-1515页)。
(7),《明史》45?地理六?广东?广州府:“元广州路,属广东道宣慰司。洪武元年为府。领州一、县十五:南海,倚。番禺,倚。”有‘清远’县(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1133页)。
《嘉庆一统志》卷441?广州府?建置沿革?清远县:“元属广州路,明属广州府。本朝因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,164册)。
(8),《中华民国行政区划简表》11?广东省:清远县,民国元年废府留县(内政部编,商务印书馆,1947年,74页)。", "source uri" : "" }