{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42221", "sys_id" : "hvd_42221", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "宋安縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宋安县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Songan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "432", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "449", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.58942", "longitude" : "113.08614", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省江门市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "432", "end year" : "449", "parent id" : "hvd_34196", "name" : "新会郡", "transcribed" : "Xinhui Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宋安县(432-449年)治所(张修桂编写)

刘宋元嘉九年(432年)置,属新会郡(1)。治所在今广东省江门市(2)。元嘉二十七年(450年)更名宋元县(3)。

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(1),《宋书》卷38?州郡四?广州?新会太守:“晋恭帝元熙二年,分南海立。《广州记》云,‘永初元年,分新宁立,治盆允。’未详孰是。领县十二”:“宋元令,《永初郡国》无,文帝元嘉九年,割南海、新会、新宁三郡界上新民立宋安、新熙、永昌、始成、招集五县。二十七年,改宋安为宋元”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1198页)。
(2),《读史方舆纪要》卷101?广东二?广州府?新会县:“唐武德四年,复置冈州,仍治新会。贞观十三年,州废县属广州,是年仍置冈州。天宝初曰义宁郡,乾元初复曰冈州。贞元末,州废县仍属广州。宋因之。…新夷废县:…。又宋元废县:在县东北。沈约志云,元嘉九年割南海、新会、新宁三郡界上新民,立宋安、新熙、永昌、始成、招集五县,二十七年改宋安为宋元,皆属新会郡。齐废宋安县,余皆如故。梁陈间,改新熙为新建、始成曰熙潭、招集曰怀集,又以废宋安县改置化召县。隋开皇十年,悉并入新会县。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4180页)。据方位,姑定点于今新会县东北、今江门市。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }