{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42220", "sys_id" : "hvd_42220", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "新夷縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "新夷县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xinyi Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "280", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "589", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.50021", "longitude" : "112.84721", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省新会县西四十五里司前镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "280", "end year" : "419", "parent id" : "hvd_34191", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" }, { "begin year" : "420", "end year" : "449", "parent id" : "hvd_34196", "name" : "新会郡", "transcribed" : "Xinhui Jun" }, { "begin year" : "450", "end year" : "478", "parent id" : "hvd_34197", "name" : "新会郡", "transcribed" : "Xinhui Jun" }, { "begin year" : "479", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34198", "name" : "新会郡", "transcribed" : "Xinhui Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42219", "name" : "平夷县", "transcribed" : "Pingyi Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "新夷县(280-589年)治所(张修桂编写)

晋太康元年(280年)以平夷县改名,属南海郡(1)。治所在今广东省新会县西四十五里司前镇(2)。刘宋永初元年(420年),属新会郡,其后因之(3)。隋开皇十年(590年)县废入义宁(4)。

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(1),《宋书》卷38?州郡四?广州?新会太守:“晋恭帝元熙二年,分南海立。《广州记》云:‘永初元年,分新宁立,治盆允。’未详孰是。”“新夷令,吴立曰平夷,晋武帝太康元年更名,故属南海。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1198页)。《晋书》卷15?广州?南海郡,领有平夷县。(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,466页)。
(2),《读史方舆纪要》卷101?广东二?广州府?新会县:“唐武德四年,复置冈州,仍治新会。贞观十三年,州废县属广州,是年仍置冈州。天宝初曰义宁郡,乾元初复曰冈州。贞元末,州废县仍属广州。宋因之。…新夷废县:县西四十五里。三国吴析番禺置平夷县,属南海郡。晋太康初改曰新夷。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4180页)。据方位、里距,姑定点于今新会县西司前镇。
《嘉庆一统志》卷442?广州府二?古迹:“新夷废县,在新会县西。…县志,废县在今县西十五里。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,164册)。‘今县西十五里’,当为四十五里之脱误。
(3),据注(1),作宋永初元年属新会郡。《南齐书》卷14?州郡志上?广州?新会郡,领县有‘新夷’。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,264页)。
(4),《隋书》?地理下?南海郡:“义宁,开皇十年废新夷、初宾二县入。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。", "source uri" : "" }