{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42219", "sys_id" : "hvd_42219", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "平夷縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "平夷县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Pingyi Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "264", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "279", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.50021", "longitude" : "112.84721", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省新会县西四十五里司前镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "264", "end year" : "279", "parent id" : "hvd_34191", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "平夷县(264-279年)治所(张修桂编写)

三国吴永安七年(264年),分四会县地置,属南海郡(1)。治所在今广东省新会县西四十五里司前镇(2)。晋太康元年(280年)改为新夷县(3)。

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(1),《宋书》卷38?州郡四?广州?新会太守:“晋恭帝元熙二年,分南海立。”“新夷令,吴立曰平夷,晋武帝太康元年更名,故属南海。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1198页)。《晋书》卷15?广州?南海郡,领有平夷县。(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,466页)。‘吴立曰平夷’,作吴永安七年分交州置广州时,置平夷县属广州南海郡。
(2),《读史方舆纪要》卷101?广东二?广州府?新会县:“唐武德四年,复置冈州,仍治新会。贞观十三年,州废县属广州,是年仍置冈州。天宝初曰义宁郡,乾元初复曰冈州。贞元末,州废县仍属广州。宋因之。…新夷废县:县西四十五里。三国吴析番禺置平夷县,属南海郡。晋太康初改曰新夷。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4180页)。据方位、里距,姑定点于今新会县西司前镇。
《嘉庆一统志》卷442?广州府二?古迹:“新夷废县,在新会县西。…县志,废县在今县西十五里。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,164册)。‘今县西十五里’,当为四十五里之脱误。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }