{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42206", "sys_id" : "hvd_42206", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "新安縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "新安县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xin'an Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1573", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1666", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.54515", "longitude" : "113.91858", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省深圳市南头", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1573", "end year" : "1666", "parent id" : "hvd_33047", "name" : "广州府", "transcribed" : "Guangzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "新安县(1573-1666年)治所(张修桂编写)

明万历元年(1573年)于东莞千户所置县,属广州府(1)。治所即今广东省深圳市南头(2)。清因之,康熙六年(1667年)省(3)。

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(1),《明史》45?地理六?广东?广州府?新安县:“府东南。本东莞守御千户所,洪武十四年八月置。万历元年改为县。南滨海。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1134页)。
(2),《嘉庆一统志》卷442?广州府二?古迹?东莞故城:“明洪武中,复分东莞,置东莞守御千户所,筑城在县南之十都海滨,一名南头城。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,164册)。南头今属深圳市。
光绪五年《广州府志》卷64?建置略?城池:“新安县城,在城子冈,即东莞郡旧治。明洪武间设东莞守御所于此,二十七年广州左卫千户崔浩始开筑城池,”万历元年增建,康熙十年、四十三年,嘉庆十六年、二十二年重修。(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第1号,2册,94页)。即新安县以故东莞郡治设县之后,未见迁徙。宣统元年《广东地舆全图》13?新安县图:新安县治位置即今深圳市南头(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第108号)。
(3),《嘉庆一统志》卷441?广州府一?建置沿革?新安县:“万历元年改置新安县,属广州。本朝康熙六年省,八年复置,仍属广州。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,164册)。", "source uri" : "" }