{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42194", "sys_id" : "hvd_42194", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "南海縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "南海县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Nanhai Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "590", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "916", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.13462", "longitude" : "113.25607", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省广州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "591", "parent id" : "hvd_34192", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "592", "end year" : "600", "parent id" : "hvd_34193", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "601", "end year" : "605", "parent id" : "hvd_34194", "name" : "番州", "transcribed" : "Fan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "606", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34195", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_34091", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_34093", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_34094", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "916", "parent id" : "hvd_34004", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42193", "name" : "番禺县", "transcribed" : "Fanyu Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "南海县(590-916年)治所(张修桂编写)

隋开皇十年(590年),以番禺县改置,为广州治,仁寿元年(601年)改为番州治(1)。大业三年(607年)为南海郡治,唐武德四年(621年)复为广州治(2)。治所即今广东省广州市(3)。五代南汉乾亨元年(917年)析为咸宁、常康二县(4)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下:“南海郡,旧置广州,梁陈并置都督府。平陈,置总管府。仁寿元年置番州,大业初府废。统县十五”首县“南海,旧置南海郡。平陈,郡废;又分置番禺县,寻废入焉。大业初置郡。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,880-881页)。
《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?广州?南海县:“本含番禺县之地,属南海郡,隋开皇十年分其地置南海县,属广州。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,887页)。
(2),《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?广州:秦并天下置南海郡。秦末赵佗窃据,汉武帝定南越,属交趾。献帝末孙权交州刺史迁交州于番禺,孙皓(按:孙休之误)分置广州,理番禺。交州迁理龙编。“隋开皇九年平陈,于广州置总管府,仁寿元年改广州为番州,大业三年罢番州为南海郡。隋末陷贼,武德四年讨平萧铣,复为广州。”管县十三,首县即为南海。(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,885-886页)。
(3),《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道1?广州?南海县:“番山,在县东南三里。禺山,在县西南一里,尉佗葬于此。”番禺县:“本秦旧县,故城在今县西南二里。县有番、禺二山,因以为名。或言置在番山之隅。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,887-888页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷441?广州府?古迹:“番禺故城,今南海县治。秦置。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,164册)。据牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》广东省广州府:南海县“治所今址:广东省广州市。”(中国地图出版社,1990年,274页)。
(4),《太平寰宇记》卷157?广州?南海县:“广州伪命日,析南海郡为常康、咸宁二县及永丰、重合二场。皇朝平南越,开宝六年并二县、二场,依旧为南海县,并废番禺县入。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,28册。)

光绪五年《广州府志》卷6?广州府沿革表?南汉:“兴王府,[注]高祖乾亨元年改广州为兴王府,领县十三:咸宁,[注]旧为南海,乾亨元年分咸宁、常康二县。”(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第1号,110页)。", "source uri" : "" }