{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42184", "sys_id" : "hvd_42184", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "龍川縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "龙川县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Longchuan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-214", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "590", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "24.06000", "longitude" : "115.18617", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省龙川县西南佗城", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-214", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34191", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" }, { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "590", "parent id" : "hvd_34173", "name" : "循州", "transcribed" : "Xun Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "龙川县(前214-590年)治所(张修桂编写)

秦始皇三十三年(前214年)置,属南海郡(1)。治所即今广东省龙川县西南佗城(2)。隋开皇十一年(591年)省入河源县(3)。

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(1),《史记》卷6?秦始皇本纪6:三十三年“略取陆梁地,为桂林、象郡、南海,以适遣戍。”卷113?南越传:“佗,秦时用为龙川令(裴氏《广州记》云:本博罗县之东乡,有龙川地而出,即穴流泉,因以为号也)。至二世时,南海尉任嚣病且死,召龙川令赵佗…。”(北京,中华书局,1册,1975年,253、2967-2968页)。据裴注,博罗县之设当在龙川设县之前,今作秦始皇三十三年置南海郡时设博罗县属之,但从“佗,秦时用为龙川令。至二世时”等语分析,龙川县之设也当在二世之前至秦始皇三十三年,今姑作秦始皇三十三年置博罗县稍后,即分其东境置龙川县属南海郡。
(2),《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?循州?河源县:“龙川故城,在县东北,水路一百七十五里。秦龙川县也。秦南海尉任嚣疾,召龙川令赵佗,受之以政,即此处也。”(北京,中华书局,下册,894页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷445?惠州府?古迹?龙川故城:“在今龙川县西北。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,166册)。据此,定龙川县于今河源县东北、龙川县西南,今龙川县西南有佗城,当是。
(3),《隋书》卷31?地理下:龙川郡,平陈,置循州总管府。大业初府废。统县五:归善,带郡;“河源,开皇十一年省龙川县入焉”;博罗;兴宁;海丰。(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。", "source uri" : "" }