{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42169", "sys_id" : "hvd_42169", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "欣樂縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "欣乐县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xinle Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "331", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "587", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.36472", "longitude" : "114.52319", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省惠州市东北芦洲", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "331", "end year" : "477", "parent id" : "hvd_34191", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" }, { "begin year" : "478", "end year" : "478", "parent id" : "hvd_34189", "name" : "东官郡", "transcribed" : "Dongguan Jun" }, { "begin year" : "479", "end year" : "510", "parent id" : "hvd_34187", "name" : "东官郡", "transcribed" : "Dongguan Jun" }, { "begin year" : "511", "end year" : "587", "parent id" : "hvd_34190", "name" : "梁化郡", "transcribed" : "Lianghua Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "欣乐县(331-587年)治所(张修桂编写)

东晋咸和六年(331年)置,属南海郡,刘宋升明二年(478年)度属东官郡,齐因之,梁属梁化郡(1)。治所在今广东省惠州市东北芦洲(2)。陈祯明二年(588年)废(3)。

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(1),《宋书》卷38?州郡4?广州:“东官太守,何志故司盐都尉,晋成帝立为郡。《广州记》,晋成帝咸和六年,分南海立。领县六”首县宝安,末县“欣乐男相,本属南海,宋末度。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1199页)。“宋末度”,刘宋于升明三年四月亡,作刘宋升明二年(478年)度属东官郡。《南齐书?州郡志》东官郡领有欣乐县。《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?循州:“本秦南海郡地,汉平南越,复置南海郡,今州即汉南海郡博罗县也。梁置梁化郡,隋开皇十年于此置循州。”(北京,中华书局,下册,892页)。
(2),《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?循州?归善县:“归善故城,在县东北七十里。”(北京,中华书局,下册,893页)。唐归善县治即今广东省惠州市,其东北七十里,相当今惠州市东北芦洲镇。据《舆地纪胜》惠州归善县引《祥符图经》云:‘本晋欣乐县地,陈祯明三年改为归善。’归善县以故欣乐县改置。故欣乐县故城当在今广东省惠州市东北七十里,相当今芦洲镇。《舆地纪胜》谓欣乐城在归善县南一百五十里,《一统志》已辨其误,不从。
(3),《舆地纪胜》惠州归善县引《祥符图经》云:‘本晋欣乐县地,陈祯明三年改为归善。’(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3077页)。陈于祯明三年正月亡,乾隆《归善县志》作祯明二年欣乐县废,《一统志》作陈末废,今从乾隆志。", "source uri" : "" }