{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42153", "sys_id" : "hvd_42153", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "義招縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "义招县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yizhao Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "413", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "606", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "24.35448", "longitude" : "116.68863", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省大埔县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "413", "end year" : "478", "parent id" : "hvd_34169", "name" : "义安郡", "transcribed" : "Yian Jun" }, { "begin year" : "479", "end year" : "501", "parent id" : "hvd_34170", "name" : "义安郡", "transcribed" : "Yian Jun" }, { "begin year" : "502", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_34171", "name" : "义安郡", "transcribed" : "Yian Jun" }, { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "590", "parent id" : "hvd_34173", "name" : "循州", "transcribed" : "Xun Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "591", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_34172", "name" : "潮州", "transcribed" : "Chao Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "义招县(413-606年)治所(张修桂编写)

晋义熙九年(413年)置,属义安郡,宋以后因之(1)。治所即今广东省大埔县(2)。隋大业三年(607年)改名万川(3)。

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(1),《宋书》卷38?州郡四?广州?义安太守:“晋安帝义熙九年,分东官立。”领县五:“义招令,晋安帝义熙九年,以东官五营立。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1200页)。
《南齐书》卷14?州郡志上?广州?义安郡:领县六,有义招县。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,263页)。
(2),《太平寰宇记》卷158?潮州?潮阳县:“南越志云,义安郡有义昭县,昔流人营也。义熙元年(据《宋书》当为九年之误)立为县,永初元年移上郡(《一统志》引此作漳郡)之西。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,28册。)
《嘉庆一统志》卷445?潮州府?古迹?万安废县:“在大埔县南。汉揭阳县地,晋末置义招县,属义安郡。隋大业初改曰万川。…《大埔县志》,古万川县,即今县南七十里清远湖寮城。石柱勒字犹存。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,166册)。湖寮城今为大埔县治。
据此,义招县初治当在东官五营,六年后的永初元年移漳郡之西,即湖寮城。东官五营无考,今据《一统志》,姑作义熙九年设县,治所即在今广东省大埔县。
(3),《隋书》卷31?地理下?义安郡:“梁置东扬州,后改曰瀛州,及陈州废。平陈,置潮州。统县五:海阳,旧置义安郡,平陈郡废,大业初置郡;程乡;潮阳;海宁,有龙溪山;万川,旧曰义招,大业初改名。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。据此,作大业三年改州为郡时,改义招县为万安县。", "source uri" : "" }