{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42147", "sys_id" : "hvd_42147", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "揭陽縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "揭阳县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jieyang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-111", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "264", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.68785", "longitude" : "116.22804", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省揭阳县西北玉湖镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-111", "end year" : "264", "parent id" : "hvd_34191", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "揭阳县(前111-264年)治所(张修桂编写)

西汉元鼎六年(前111年)置,属南海郡(1)。治所在今广东省揭阳县西北玉湖镇(2)。晋泰始元年(265年)省入海阳县(3)。

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(1),《汉书》卷28下?地理志8下?南海郡:“秦置。秦败,尉佗王此地。武帝元鼎六年开,属交州。…县六:…揭阳。”(北京,中华书局,1962年,6册,1628页)。据此作西汉元鼎六年收复岭南,置揭阳县属南海郡。
(2),《读史方舆纪要》卷103?潮州府?揭阳县:“揭阳故城,在县西北,揭岭之南。汉置县,以揭岭为名。…后废。宋绍兴八年,卜置县于留隍村,不果。改置县于玉窖村,即今治也。”“揭阳山,县西北百五十里。形势岧峣,南北两支,直抵兴宁、海丰二县界,亦曰揭岭。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4276页)。
《嘉庆一统志》卷446?潮州府?古迹?揭阳故城:“在揭阳县西。汉置县,属南海郡,晋时县废。宋复置,属潮州。《宋史地理志》,宣和三年,割海阳三乡置揭阳县,绍兴二年废入海阳,八年复置,移治吉帛村,即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,166册)。清揭阳县即今广东省揭阳县,此为宋绍兴八年以后的揭阳县。两汉三国的揭阳县及宋宣和三年以后的揭阳县在何处,史载不明确,大体方位在明代揭阳县西北(含今丰顺县境)、揭岭之南,今姑定于广东省揭阳县西北玉湖镇。
(3),《舆地纪胜》卷99?广南东路?潮州?揭阳县:“在州西七十五里。皇朝郡县志云,本汉旧县,属南海郡,后废。象之谨按:两汉志皆有揭阳县,而晋志但存海阳、潮阳二县,无揭阳,恐在晋已废矣。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3106页)。《三国志》赤乌年间尚有揭阳县,《晋志》已无揭阳县,据此作晋初泰始元年废。", "source uri" : "" }