{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42109", "sys_id" : "hvd_42109", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "臨湘縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "临湘县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Linxiang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "996", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.58814", "longitude" : "113.29287", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南省岳阳市东北陆城镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "996", "end year" : "1154", "parent id" : "hvd_32926", "name" : "岳州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1155", "end year" : "1160", "parent id" : "hvd_32927", "name" : "纯州", "transcribed" : "Chun Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1161", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_32928", "name" : "岳州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1363", "parent id" : "hvd_32754", "name" : "岳州路", "transcribed" : "Yuezhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1364", "end year" : "1375", "parent id" : "hvd_32755", "name" : "岳州府", "transcribed" : "Yuezhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1376", "end year" : "1380", "parent id" : "hvd_32756", "name" : "岳州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1381", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32757", "name" : "岳州府", "transcribed" : "Yuezhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42108", "name" : "王朝县", "transcribed" : "Wangchao Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "临湘县(996-1911年)治所(傅林祥编写)

北宋至道二年(996)改王朝县置。治所即今湖南省岳阳市东北陆城镇。⑴属岳州。南宋绍兴二十五年(1155)属纯州。南宋绍兴三十一年(1161)复属岳州。⑵元至元十三年(1276)属岳州路。⑶元至正二十四年(1364)朱元璋改属岳州府。⑷洪武九年四月甲午(1376.4.29)属岳州直隶州。⑸洪武十四年正月戊子(1381.1.27)复属岳州府。⑹属岳州府。至清末未变。⑺

⑴《元丰九域志》卷6:“至道二年改王朝县为临湘。”(中华书局,第272页)
《舆地纪胜》卷69《荆湖北路》:“《国朝会要》云:淳化四年升为王朝县。至道二年改为临湘县。”(中华书局,第3册,第2339-2340页)
《湖南省志》第2卷《地理志(修订本)》第2篇《沿革》:“其地在今治西北50里的陆城镇。民国十九年(公元1930年),迁今治。”(湖南人民出版社,566页)
⑵元?脱脱:《宋史》卷88《地理四》:“岳州,下,巴陵郡。岳阳军节度使。……绍兴二十五年,改州曰纯,改军曰华容;三十一年,复旧。……县四:巴陵,上。华容,望。有古楼砦。平江,上。临湘。淳化元年,升王朝场为县,寻改。”(中华书局,1977年校点本,第7册,第2195-2196页)
⑶明宋廉等:《元史》卷63《地理六》:“元至元十二年归附。十三年,立岳州路总管府。”(中华书局,1976年校点本,第5册,第1524页)
⑷《明史》卷44《地理五》:“岳州府,元岳州路,属湖广行省。太祖甲辰年为府。洪武九年四月降为州,直隶布政司。十四年正月复为府。领州一,县七。”(中华书局1974年点校本,4册,第1079页)
⑸《明太祖实录》卷105:洪武九年四月甲午,“改岳州府为岳州,革所属巴陵县。”(台湾中研院历语所校印本,第3册,第1758页)
《明史》卷44《地理五》:“洪武九年四月降为州,直隶布政司。”(中华书局1974年点校本,4册,第1079页)
⑹《明太祖实录》卷135:洪武十四年正月戊子,“复改湖广岳州为岳州府。”(台湾中研院历语所校印本,第3册,第2137页)
《明史》卷44《地理五》:“洪武九年四月降为州,直隶布政司。十四年正月复为府。领州一,县七。”(中华书局1974年点校本,4册,第1079页)
⑺《职官录》(清宣统三年冬季)湖南省;台湾文海出版社有限公司《近代中国史料丛刊》影印本,第1134页。", "source uri" : "" }