{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42098", "sys_id" : "hvd_42098", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "平江州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "平江州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Pingjiang Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1295", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "1369", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.70981", "longitude" : "113.57494", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南平江县驻地汉昌镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1295", "end year" : "1363", "parent id" : "hvd_32754", "name" : "岳州路", "transcribed" : "Yuezhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1364", "end year" : "1369", "parent id" : "hvd_32755", "name" : "岳州府", "transcribed" : "Yuezhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42097", "name" : "平江县", "transcribed" : "Pingjiang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "平江州(1295-1369年)治所(傅林祥编写)

元元贞元年(1295)升平江县置,治所即今湖南平江县驻地汉昌镇,属岳州路。⑴元至正二十四年(1364)朱元璋改隶岳州府。⑵明洪武三年(1370)降为县。⑶

⑴明?宋廉等:《元史》卷63《地理六》:“元至元十二年归附。十三年,立岳州路总管府。”又:“平江州,下。唐平江县,宋因之。元元贞元年,升州。”(中华书局,1976年校点本,第5册,第1524页)
⑵《明史》卷44《地理五》:“岳州府,元岳州路,属湖广行省。太祖甲辰年为府。洪武九年四月降为州,直隶布政司。十四年正月复为府。领州一,县七。”(中华书局1974年点校本,4册,第1079页)
⑶《明史》卷44《地理五》:“平江,府东南。元平江州。洪武三年降为县。”(中华书局1974年点校本,4册,第1080页)
一作洪武二年。《大明清类天文分野之书》卷19:“元元贞元年升为平江州,属岳州路。本朝洪武二年改为平江县,仍属岳州府。”
弘治《岳州府志》卷1《沿革志》:“洪武二年改平江为县”。(上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》,63册,第43页)", "source uri" : "" }