{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42097", "sys_id" : "hvd_42097", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "平江縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "平江县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Pingjiang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "927", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "1294", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.70981", "longitude" : "113.57494", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南平江县驻地汉昌镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "927", "end year" : "1154", "parent id" : "hvd_32926", "name" : "岳州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1155", "end year" : "1160", "parent id" : "hvd_32927", "name" : "纯州", "transcribed" : "Chun Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1161", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_32928", "name" : "岳州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1294", "parent id" : "hvd_32754", "name" : "岳州路", "transcribed" : "Yuezhou Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42096", "name" : "昌江县", "transcribed" : "Changjiang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "平江县(927-1294年)治所(傅林祥编写)

五代马氏时,由昌江县改名。⑴治所即今湖南平江县驻地汉昌镇。北宋属岳州。南宋绍兴二十五年(1155)属纯州。南宋绍兴三十一年(1161)复属岳州。⑵元至元十三年属岳州路。⑶元贞元年(1295)升为平江州。⑷

⑴宋本《太平寰宇记》卷113《江南西道十》:“后唐改为平江县”。
隆庆《岳州府志》卷1《郡邑纪》:“五代马氏始定名平江也。(昌、纯诸水合流而后始平,乃入江。)”(上海古籍书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》本,57册)
按:因无具体年份,暂作马氏建楚之天成二年(927)。
一说淳化五年升王朝场置。曾巩《隆平集》卷一《郡县》:淳化五年,“岳州王朝场为平江县”。(《四库全书》本,第371册,第11页)
⑵元?脱脱:《宋史》卷88《地理四》:“岳州,下,巴陵郡。岳阳军节度使。……绍兴二十五年,改州曰纯,改军曰华容;三十一年,复旧。……县四:巴陵,上。华容,望。有古楼砦。平江,上。临湘。淳化元年,升王朝场为县,寻改。”(中华书局,1977年校点本,第7册,第2195-2196页)
⑶明?宋廉等:《元史》卷63《地理六》:“元至元十二年归附。十三年,立岳州路总管府。”(中华书局,1976年校点本,第5册,第1524页)
⑷明?宋廉等:《元史》卷63《地理六》:“平江州,下。唐平江县,宋因之。元元贞元年,升州。”(中华书局,1976年校点本,第5册,第1524页)", "source uri" : "" }