{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42094", "sys_id" : "hvd_42094", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "吳昌縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "吴昌县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Wuchang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "222", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.57345", "longitude" : "113.65891", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南平江县东南安定镇金铺观", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "222", "end year" : "538", "parent id" : "hvd_32819", "name" : "长沙郡", "transcribed" : "Changsha Jun" }, { "begin year" : "539", "end year" : "557", "parent id" : "hvd_32919", "name" : "巴陵郡", "transcribed" : "Baling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "558", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32828", "name" : "岳阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yueyang Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42093", "name" : "汉昌县", "transcribed" : "Hanchang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "吴昌县(222-588年)治所(傅林祥编写)

三国吴以汉昌县改名。⑴治所在今湖南平江县驻地汉昌镇东南安定镇金铺观。⑵属长沙郡。⑶晋、南朝宋、齐因之。⑷南朝梁属岳阳郡。⑸南朝陈因之。隋开皇九年(589)平陈,废入罗县。⑹

⑴《宋书?州郡三》:“吴昌侯相,后汉立曰汉昌,吴更名。”(北京,中华书局,4册,1129页)。
按:因无具体时间,当作三国吴黄武元年(222年)改名。
⑵《元和郡县图志》卷27《江南道三》:“后汉分长沙为汉昌县,孙权改为吴昌县。神龙三年,析湘阴于故吴昌城改置昌江县。”(北京,中华书局,659页)
嘉庆《清一统志》卷359《岳州府二》:“汉昌故城在平江县东,汉末置县,属长沙郡。三国吴改曰吴昌。……《元和志》:神龙三年,析湘阴于故吴昌城,改置昌江县。《岳阳风土记》:唐神龙三年,置昌江,尝隶潭,今隶岳,后唐改平江。《通鉴注》:五代改曰平江,盖后唐既灭梁,楚人为之避庙讳昌字也。《府志》:旧县址在今县东故县乡,后迁县东太平乡,唐元和中迁今治。”(133册,1页)
《湖南省志》第2卷《地理志(修订本)》第2篇《沿革》:“汉昌和吴昌的县治在今县治东南30里金铺观。唐复置昌江县的县治在今县治东南的中县坪。唐元和四年(公元809年)始迁今治。(见同治《平江县志》)。”(湖南人民出版社,上册,568页)
⑶吴增仅、杨守敬,《三国郡县表附考证》;《二十五史补编》,第3册,第2952页。
⑷《晋书》卷15《地理下》;北京,中华书局,2册,457页。
《宋书》卷37《州郡三》;北京,中华书局,4册,1129页。
《南齐书》卷15《州郡下》;北京,中华书局,1册,287页。
⑸嘉庆《清一统志》卷358《岳州府表》。
按:因无具体时间,暂作梁天监元年(502年)。
一说梁属巴陵郡。洪齮孙,《补梁疆域志》卷3:“吴昌……本属长沙郡,梁移属于此。”(北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4411页)
⑹《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“罗,开皇九年废吴昌、湘滨二县入。”(北京,中华书局,3册,895页)", "source uri" : "" }