{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42070", "sys_id" : "hvd_42070", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "大鄉縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "大乡县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Daxiang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "502", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "940", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.98516", "longitude" : "109.96597", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南永顺县驻地灵溪镇东老司城", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "502", "end year" : "559", "parent id" : "hvd_32875", "name" : "武陵郡", "transcribed" : "Wuling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "560", "end year" : "574", "parent id" : "hvd_32844", "name" : "通宁郡", "transcribed" : "Tongning Jun" }, { "begin year" : "575", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32845", "name" : "沅陵郡", "transcribed" : "Yuanling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_32846", "name" : "辰州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_32847", "name" : "沅陵郡", "transcribed" : "Yuanling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "690", "parent id" : "hvd_32848", "name" : "辰州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "691", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32038", "name" : "溪州", "transcribed" : "Xi Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32053", "name" : "灵溪郡", "transcribed" : "Lingxi Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "939", "parent id" : "hvd_32060", "name" : "溪州", "transcribed" : "Xi Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "940", "end year" : "940", "parent id" : "hvd_32910", "name" : "永顺州", "transcribed" : "Yongshun Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "大乡县(502-940年)治所(傅林祥编写)

南朝梁置。⑴治所在今湖南永顺县驻地灵溪镇东老司城。⑵梁属武陵郡。南朝陈天嘉元年(560年)属通宁郡。⑶太建七年(575年)属沅陵郡。⑷隋属沅陵郡。⑸唐天授二年(691),为溪州治。⑹五代地入彭氏,废。⑺

⑴唐?魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“大乡,梁置。”(中华书局,1973年,汪绍楹等校点本,第3册,第890页)
按:因无具体年代可查,暂以梁天监元年(502)为置县年代。
⑵《读史方舆纪要》卷82《湖广八》:“大乡废县,司西南一百七十里。……天授二年,置溪州治此。五代时,马氏改置溪州于辰州境上,既而蛮复还旧治,此即下溪州城矣。”(中华书局,第4册,第3525页)《中国历代地图集》定点于今老司城处,从之。
一说在今龙山县东南。嘉庆《清一统志》卷372《永顺府》:“溪州故城在龙山县东南。本梁大乡县,唐置溪州。五代时为蛮地。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,137册,10页)今《湖南省志》???从此。
⑶《陈书》卷3《世祖纪》:天嘉元年三月甲子,“其都尉所部六县为沅州。别置通宁郡,以刺史领太守,治都尉城,省旧都尉。”(北京,中华书局,1册,48页)
谭其骧:《〈补陈疆域志〉校补》:“天嘉元年,分武陵郡为二:一曰武陵,治旧郡治;一曰通宁,治旧都尉城,领都尉所部六县。”(《长水集》,人民出版社,上册,127页)
⑷嘉庆《清一统志》卷366《辰州府一》:“陈天嘉元年,分置沅州通宁郡。大建七年州废,改置沅陵郡。”(135册,1页)
⑸《隋书》卷31《地理下》;北京,中华书局,3册,890页。
⑹晋?刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“天授二年,分大乡、三亭两县置溪州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,第5册,第1621页)又:“溪州,下。旧辰州之大乡。天授二年,分置溪州。”(同上,第1628页)
⑺按:大乡县废弃的年代,无具体记载。现暂同溪州的废弃年代。", "source uri" : "" }