{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_42021", "sys_id" : "hvd_42021", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "邵陽縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "邵阳县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shaoyang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "589", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.24932", "longitude" : "111.47494", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南邵阳市城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_32820", "name" : "潭州", "transcribed" : "Tan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_32821", "name" : "长沙郡", "transcribed" : "Changsha Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_32902", "name" : "建州", "transcribed" : "Jian Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "635", "parent id" : "hvd_32903", "name" : "南梁州", "transcribed" : "Nanliang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "636", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32904", "name" : "邵州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32905", "name" : "邵阳郡", "transcribed" : "Shaoyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "935", "parent id" : "hvd_32906", "name" : "邵州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "936", "end year" : "946", "parent id" : "hvd_32907", "name" : "敏州", "transcribed" : "min Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "947", "end year" : "1224", "parent id" : "hvd_32908", "name" : "邵州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1225", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32909", "name" : "宝庆府", "transcribed" : "Baoqing Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_32789", "name" : "宝庆路", "transcribed" : "Baoqing Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32790", "name" : "宝庆府", "transcribed" : "Baoqing Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_42019", "name" : "昭阳县", "transcribed" : "Zhaoyang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "邵阳县(589-1911年)治所(傅林祥编写)

隋开皇九年(589)平陈,废邵陵县,邵阳县移治故邵陵城,⑴即今湖南邵阳市城区。属潭州。唐武德四年(621)为建州治,寻为南梁州治。⑵贞观十年(636)为邵州治。天宝元年(742)为邵阳郡治。乾元元年(758)复为邵州治。⑶五代晋天福初为敏州治。五代汉初复为邵州治。⑷北宋时仍为邵州治。南宋宝庆元年(1295)为宝庆府治。⑸元至元十四年(1277)属宝庆路。⑹明洪武元年(1368)属宝庆府,为附郭县。⑺至清末未变。⑻

⑴唐?魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“邵阳,旧置邵陵郡。平陈,郡废,并扶夷、都梁二县入焉。”(中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,第3册,第895页)
嘉庆《清一统志》卷361《宝庆府二》:“昭陵故城,即今府治。汉置县,隋改曰邵阳,唐为邵州治。”(134册,1页)
⑵《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“邵阳……隋平陈,废郡,以邵阳属潭州,寻又于邵阳置建州。武德四年,改置南梁州,贞观十年,改为邵州,皆理邵阳县。”(北京,中华书局,5册,1619页)
《读史方舆纪要》卷81《湖广七》:“宝庆府……隋废郡属潭州。唐武德四年置建州,寻改南梁州,贞观十年又改邵州,天宝初曰邵阳郡。”(北京,中华书局,4册,3469页)
按:是隋置建州,唐武德四年改南梁州,还是唐武德四年置建州,旋改南梁州,现已难以考证。此处采《纪要》之说,以武德四年置建州。建州改南梁州之年,暂定在武德五年。
⑶《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“邵州,隋长沙郡之邵阳县。武德四年,平萧铣,置南梁州,领邵陵、建兴、武冈三县。七年,省建兴入武冈,省邵陵并邵阳。贞观十年,改名邵州。天宝元年,改为邵阳郡。乾元元年,复为邵州。旧领县二。”(北京,中华书局,5册,1619页)
⑷宋本《太平寰宇记》卷115《江南西道十三》:“乾元元年复为邵州。晋天福初改为敏州,避庙讳。汉初仍旧。”
按:暂作天福元年(936年)改名敏州,天福十二年(947年)复名邵州。
⑸元?脱脱:《宋史》卷88《地理四》:“宝庆府……宝庆元年,以理宗潜藩,升府。”(中华书局,1977年校点本,第7册,第2201页)
《舆地纪胜》卷59《荆湖南路》:“今皇上登极,以潜藩升宝庆府(宝庆元年)。今领县二(曰邵阳,曰新化)。”(中华书局,第3册,第2122页)
⑹明?宋廉等:《元史》卷63《地理六》:“宝庆路,下。唐邵州,又为邵阳郡。宋仍为邵州,又升宝庆府。元至元十二胩,立安抚司。十四年,改宝庆路总管府。……领司一、县二。”(中华书局1976年校点本,第5册,第1530-1531页)
⑺《明史》卷44《地理五》:“宝庆府,元宝庆路,属湖南道宣慰司。洪武元年为府。”(中华书局1974年点校本,4册,第1091页)又:“邵阳,倚。”(同上,第1092页)
⑻《职官录》(清宣统三年冬季)湖南省;台湾文海出版社有限公司《近代中国史料丛刊》影印本,第1137页。", "source uri" : "" }