{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41937", "sys_id" : "hvd_41937", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "慈利縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "慈利县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Cili Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "598", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "1294", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.42634", "longitude" : "111.12171", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南慈利县驻地零阳镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "598", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_32953", "name" : "崇州", "transcribed" : "Chong Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_32945", "name" : "澧阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32946", "name" : "澧州", "transcribed" : "Li Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32947", "name" : "澧阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "778", "parent id" : "hvd_32948", "name" : "澧州", "transcribed" : "Li Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "779", "end year" : "1129", "parent id" : "hvd_32949", "name" : "澧州", "transcribed" : "Li Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1130", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_32950", "name" : "澧州", "transcribed" : "Li Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32951", "name" : "澧州", "transcribed" : "Li Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1294", "parent id" : "hvd_32760", "name" : "澧州路", "transcribed" : "Lizhou Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_41936", "name" : "零陵县", "transcribed" : "Lingling Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "慈利县(598-1294年)治所(傅林祥编写)

隋开皇十八年(598)以零陵县改名。⑴治所即今湖南慈利县驻地零阳镇。⑵属崇州。⑶大业三年(607)属澧阳郡。⑷唐武德四年(621)属澧州。天宝元年(742)属澧阳郡。乾元元年(758)复属澧州。⑸五代因之。宋仍属澧州。⑹元元贞元年(1295)升为慈利州。⑺

⑴唐?魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“慈利,开皇中置,曰零陵,十八年改名焉。”(中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,第3册,第895页)
万历《慈利县志》卷2《建置》:“后周建德中,天门郡为北衡州,祀王码门山为南望。革漊中、临澧二县。隋高祖开皇辛丑灭陈后,改北衡州为崇州。又置崇义县,改零阳为慈利县,俱隶崇州。大业中罢崇州,改澧阳郡,而慈隶焉。”(上海古籍书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》,第59册)
按:“开皇中”当作隋平陈的开皇九年。
⑵万历《慈利县志》卷2《建置》:“洪武二年己酉,改慈利州为县,隶湖广布政使司。是年,庚戌,土酋覃垕连结诸峒为乱,徙治于十三都。九年六月知县叶守礼奏还旧治,隶常德府。二十九年知州孙清以民称不便,疏改隶岳州府。编户五十八里。隆庆二年分守参政冯成能按九永,视官塔坪地佳,知县梁可大遂改迁于此,即旧慈姑故址。时民情汹汹,未有定向。万历元年癸酉,知县方肯堂议筑城垣,四月划基址,始畚筑工。未就,适调庐陵去。是年秋,知县陈光前继至,督民成之。二年甲戌孟秋毕役,而邑居始定焉。”(上海古籍书店《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》本,第59册,第3页)
按:据上引记载,明初曾迁离原治,改治十三都。洪武九年(1376)迁回原治。隆庆二年又迁官塔坪。万历元年,在原治筑城,二年迁回。此后未见迁治记载。据此,隋唐零陵县、慈利县治所即今湖南慈利县驻地零阳镇。
⑶唐?魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“崇义,后周置衡州。开皇中置县,名焉。十八年改州曰崇州,大业初州废。”(中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,第3册,第895页)
⑷唐?魏徵:《隋书》卷3《炀帝本纪上》:大业三年四月“壬辰,改州为郡。”(北京,中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,1册,67页)
按:《隋书?地理下》澧阳郡下有慈利县,即废崇州后,地入澧阳郡。
⑸晋?刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“澧州,下。隋澧阳郡。武德四年,平萧铣,置澧州,领孱陵、安乡、澧阳、石门、慈利、崇义六县。……天宝元年,改为澧阳郡。乾元元年,复为澧州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,第5册,第1614页)
⑹元?脱脱:《宋史》卷88《地理四》:“澧州,上,澧阳郡,军事。建炎四年,寓治陶家市山砦,随复旧。……县四:澧阳,望。安乡,中下。石门,中下。有台宜砦。慈利。下。”(中华书局,1977年校点本,第7册,第2195页)
⑺明?宋廉等:《元史》卷63《地理六》:“慈利州,中。唐、宋皆为县,元元贞元年,升州。”(中华书局,1976年校点本,第5册,第1526页)
《大明清类天文分野之书》卷19:“元为上县,寻升为州,仍属澧州路。”", "source uri" : "" }