{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41921", "sys_id" : "hvd_41921", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "沅江縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "沅江县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yuanjiang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "598", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "895", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.83784", "longitude" : "112.37997", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南沅江市城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "598", "end year" : "604", "parent id" : "hvd_32920", "name" : "岳州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "605", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_32921", "name" : "罗州", "transcribed" : "Luo Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_32922", "name" : "巴陵郡", "transcribed" : "Baling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "622", "parent id" : "hvd_32923", "name" : "巴州", "transcribed" : "Ba Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "623", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32924", "name" : "岳州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32925", "name" : "巴陵郡", "transcribed" : "Baling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "895", "parent id" : "hvd_32926", "name" : "岳州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_41920", "name" : "安乐县", "transcribed" : "Anle Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "沅江县(598-895年)治所(傅林祥编写)

隋开皇十八年(598),由安乐县改名。⑴治所即今湖南沅江市城区。属岳州。大业初,属罗州。⑵大业三年(607)属巴陵郡。⑶唐武德四年(621),地入唐,属巴州。⑷武德六年,属岳州。⑸天宝元年(742),属巴陵郡。乾元元年(758)复属岳州。⑹唐乾宁中,改名桥江县。⑺

⑴唐?魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“沅江,梁置,曰药山,仍为郡。平陈,郡废,县改曰安乐,十八年改曰沅江。”(中华书局,第3册,第895页)
⑵唐?魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“巴陵郡,梁置巴州。平陈,改曰岳州,大业初改曰罗州。”(中华书局,第3册,第895页)
一说大业三年改名。《元和郡县志》卷27《江南道三》:“隋开皇九年改为岳州,大业三年为罗州。武德六年,复为岳州。”(中华书局,第656页)
按:据《隋书》卷3《炀帝本纪上》:大业三年四月“壬辰,改州为郡。”(北京,中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,1册,67页)则《元和志》云大业三年改岳州为罗州有误。现以大业元年(605)为改名之时间。
⑶唐?魏徵:《隋书》卷3《炀帝本纪上》:大业三年四月“壬辰,改州为郡。”(北京,中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,1册,67页)
⑷晋?刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“岳州下,隋巴陵郡。武德四年,平萧铣,置巴州。领巴陵、华容、沅江、罗、湘阴五县。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,第5册,第1611页)
⑸宋?欧阳修:《新唐书》卷41《地理五》:“岳州巴陵郡,中。本巴州,武德六年更名。”(中华书局,1975年校点本,第4册,第1069页)
⑹晋?刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“天宝元年,改为巴陵郡。乾元元年,复为岳州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,第5册,第1611页)
⑺宋?欧阳修:《新唐书》卷41《地理五》:“桥江,中。本沅江,乾宁中更名。”(中华书局,1975年校点本,第4册,第1069页)
《舆地纪胜》卷68《荆湖北路》:“沅江县,……马氏割据,改为桥江县。《舆地广纪》:五代时属朗州。《国朝会要》云:乾德元年复曰沅江,隶岳州。《旧经》:元符二年拨隶鼎州。”(中华书局,第3册,第2307页)
按:马殷以湖南留后判湖南军府事,事在乾宁三年(896)九月(据《资治通鉴》)。因乾宁年号先后跨五年,故《新唐书》云改沅江为桥江在乾宁中,当即乾宁三年。", "source uri" : "" }