{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41885", "sys_id" : "hvd_41885", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "新平縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "新平县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xinping Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "257", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "395", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.55115", "longitude" : "112.46936", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南常宁县治北柏坊镇双白村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "257", "end year" : "394", "parent id" : "hvd_32861", "name" : "湘东郡", "transcribed" : "Xiangdong Jun" }, { "begin year" : "395", "end year" : "395", "parent id" : "hvd_32862", "name" : "湘东郡", "transcribed" : "Xiangdong Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "新平县(257-394年)治所(傅林祥编写)

约三国吴太平二年(257年)置。⑴治所在今湖南常宁县驻地宜阳镇北柏坊镇双白村。⑵属湘东郡。西晋因之。⑶东晋太元二十年(395年)废入新宁县。⑷

⑴⑷《晋书》卷37《州郡三》:“湘东太守,吴孙亮太平二年,分长沙东部都尉立。晋世七县,孝武太元二十年,省酃(汉旧县。)、利阳、新平(张勃《吴录》有此二县,利作梨,晋作利音。)三县。”(北京,中华书局,4册,1132页)
吴增仅、杨守敬:《三国郡县表附考证》:“新平故属桂阳。《舆地广记》:吴立县,属湘东。疑与同立。”(《二十五史补编》,第3册,2954页。)
按:暂作湘东郡、新平县同年置。
一说新平县即此后之新宁县。《元和郡县志》卷29《江南道五》:“本秦耒阳县地,吴分耒阳置新平县。宋元徽中,三洞蛮抄掠州县,移就江东,因蛮寇止息,遂号新宁,即今理是,东府潭水,西枕宜江。天宝元年改名常宁。”(北京,中华书局,706页)
⑵《水经?湘水注》:“湘水又北与宜溪水合,水出湘东郡之新宁县西南,新平故县东。新宁,故新平也。”(《水经注疏》,江苏古籍出版社,下册,3133页)
嘉庆《清一统志》卷362《衡州府一》:“新平故城,在常宁县西南。三国吴置县,晋省。”(134册,18页)
《湖南省志》第2卷《地理志(修订本)》第2篇《沿革》:“新平故城同治《常宁县志》:‘在县北35里白面山右,地名古城。’三国吴置新平县。晋太元二十年(公元395年)省。(见《宋书?州郡志》)《水经注》:宜溪水出‘新宁县西南,新平故县东’。(卷38)”(湖南人民出版社,上册,585页)
⑶《晋书》卷15《地理下》湘东郡领有新平县(北京,中华书局,2册,457页)。", "source uri" : "" }