{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41857", "sys_id" : "hvd_41857", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "新城縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "新城县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xincheng Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "575", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.60908", "longitude" : "112.92271", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南耒阳县北新市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "575", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32862", "name" : "湘东郡", "transcribed" : "Xiangdong Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "新城县(575-588年)治所(傅林祥编写)

南朝陈太建七年(575年)析临蒸县东乡置。⑴治所在今湖南耒阳市北近衡南县界之新市。⑵属湘东郡。隋开皇九年(589)平陈,废入衡阳县。⑶

⑴《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“衡阳,旧置湘东郡。平陈,郡废,并省临蒸、新城、重安三县入焉。”(北京,中华书局,3册,896页)
嘉靖《衡州府志》卷1《天文地理》:“衡阳县,……本汉承阳、酃二县地,属长沙国。东汉改承阳曰蒸阳,属零陵郡,酃属长沙郡。三国孙吴置湘东郡,析酃与蒸阳二县地立临蒸县属焉。宋、齐、梁因之。陈大建七年,割临蒸县东乡置新城县。隋以临蒸、新城、重安三县省入衡山县。唐初复置三县,寻省重安、新城入临蒸,开元中改临蒸曰衡阳。宋仍旧。”(上海古籍书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》,59册)
⑵嘉靖《衡州府志》卷3《古迹》:“新城废县在府城东一百二十里。陈置,隋省入衡山。”(上海古籍书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》,59册)
嘉庆《清一统志》卷362《衡州府一》:“新城废县在耒阳县北五十里。陈置,隋省入衡阳,唐武德中复置,寻省入临蒸。《隋书?地理志》:衡阳,平陈,省新城县入焉。《旧唐书?地理志》:武德四年置衡州,领新城。《唐书?地理志》:衡阳本临蒸,武德七年省新城入焉。《府志》:元至元三年,因衡阳繁剧,复分东乡为新城县,明洪武初省入衡阳,即今新城市也。”(134册,16页)
按:旧志中均只提到一个新城县旧址,明清衡阳县境内的新城,当即南朝陈时期的新城旧治。湖南省人民委员会编制《湖南省普通地图集》第56页耒阳县北近衡南县界有新市居民点,当即《清一统志》之新城市。
⑶《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“衡山,旧置衡阳郡。平陈,郡废,并衡山、湘乡、湘西三县入焉。”(北京,中华书局,3册,895页)", "source uri" : "" }