{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41853", "sys_id" : "hvd_41853", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "衡山縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "衡山县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Hengshan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "291", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.14665", "longitude" : "112.82908", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南衡山县南", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "291", "end year" : "434", "parent id" : "hvd_32929", "name" : "衡阳郡", "transcribed" : "Hengyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "435", "end year" : "478", "parent id" : "hvd_32930", "name" : "衡阳郡", "transcribed" : "Hengyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "479", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32862", "name" : "湘东郡", "transcribed" : "Xiangdong Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_41852", "name" : "衡阳县", "transcribed" : "Hengyang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "衡山县(291-588年)治所(傅林祥编写)

西晋惠帝时以衡阳县改名。⑴治所在今湖南衡山县驻地开云镇南。⑵属衡阳郡。南朝宋、齐、梁、陈因之。⑶隋开皇九年(589)平陈废,与湘乡、湘西县合并设立新的衡山县。⑷

⑴《宋书》卷37《州郡三》:“衡山男相,吴立曰衡阳,晋惠帝更名。”(北京,中华书局,4册,1130页)
按:暂作晋惠帝元康元年(291年)改名。
⑵《读史方舆纪要》卷80《湖广六》:“衡山旧城,在县西。《志》云:隋大业六年,徙县治白马峰下。唐神龙中,还旧治,后又以水患徙治白茅镇。”(北京,中华书局,4册,3446页)
《湖南省志》第2卷《地理志(修订本)》第2篇《沿革》:“衡山县是三国吴太平二年(公元257年)分湘南县地建立的。当时名衡阳县(非今衡阳县)。晋改曰衡山县,治所在兜率寺侧,距今县治南二十里。隋大业六年(公元610年)迁治于白马峰下。唐神龙三年(公元707年)复旧治。其后,又以水患,改迁白茅镇,即今县治也。(见明弘治《衡山县志》)以后无变更。(兜率寺侧距今县治南20里,即衡东雷溪市对河,今红卫化工厂所在处。)”(湖南人民出版社,上册,581页)
⑶《宋书》卷37《州郡三》;北京,中华书局,4册,1130页。
《南齐书》卷15《州郡下》;北京,中华书局,1册,288页。
洪齮孙,《补梁疆域志》卷3;北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4419页。
臧励和,《补陈疆域志》卷3;北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4463页。
⑷《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“衡山,旧置衡阳郡。平陈,郡废,并衡山、湘乡、湘西三县入焉。”(北京,中华书局,3册,895页)", "source uri" : "" }