{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41838", "sys_id" : "hvd_41838", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "陰山縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "阴山县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yinshan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-20", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.99599", "longitude" : "113.25383", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南攸县驻地城关镇西北荫山港一带", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-20", "end year" : "13", "parent id" : "hvd_32832", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "14", "end year" : "22", "parent id" : "hvd_32833", "name" : "南平郡", "transcribed" : "Nanping Jun" }, { "begin year" : "23", "end year" : "27", "parent id" : "hvd_32834", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "28", "end year" : "57", "parent id" : "hvd_32835", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "58", "end year" : "256", "parent id" : "hvd_32836", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "257", "end year" : "394", "parent id" : "hvd_32861", "name" : "湘东郡", "transcribed" : "Xiangdong Jun" }, { "begin year" : "395", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32862", "name" : "湘东郡", "transcribed" : "Xiangdong Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_41837", "name" : "阳山侯国", "transcribed" : "Yangshan Houguo" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "阴山县(前20-588年)治所(傅林祥编写)

西汉末年,侯买奴嗣,除阳山侯国,改置阴山县。⑴治所在今湖南攸县驻地城关镇西北荫山港一带。⑵东汉因之,属桂阳郡。⑶三国吴太平二年(257年)属湘东郡。⑷晋、南朝宋、齐、梁、陈因之。⑸隋开皇九年(589)平陈,废入湘潭县。⑹

⑴《汉书》卷15下《王子侯表第三下》载阳山节侯宗之子“侯买奴嗣,免。”(北京,中华书局,第2册,第500页)无免国的具体时间。现暂定在汉成帝鸿嘉元年(前20年),待详考。
周振鹤:《西汉政区地理》第十章《长沙国沿革》:“据推恩法,阳山侯国地必原属长沙国,而后才别属桂阳郡。所以这个阳山县必非阳山侯国。因刘姓长沙国势不能越过整个桂阳郡而有此阳山县。因此,只有位于桂阳郡北部与长沙国交界处的阴山县才是阳山侯国所在地。阴山县本来就叫阳山,封侯后别属桂阳郡。只办为该地风水太好,所以才改名阴山。其实,改名的原因恐怕也在于,如果不改,则桂阳一郡之中有两个阳山县,不合适。《洣水注》在提到阴山县时,就说道:‘本阳山县也,县东北犹有阳山故城。’可谓明确已极。至于《王子侯表》无阴山侯,则是正确的,因刘宗受封之时,本称阳山。”
要之,《汉志》阴山县下注侯国是正确的,倒是阳山县下的‘侯国’二字乃传写所衍。因此,应劭在阳山县下注‘今阴山也’,虽于地望有误,但说明了阳山侯封地乃在阴山县。(北京,人民出版社,第126页)
⑵《读史方舆纪要》卷80《湖广六》:“阴山城,在县西北六十里。汉置县,属桂阳郡,三国吴时改置于此,属湘东郡。”
《湖南古今地名辞典》:“阴山港一带有汉墓群,有古阴山县故城遗址。”(湖南出版社,第82页,浊江条)
⑶《续汉书?郡国志》桂阳郡有阴山县(《后汉书》,北京,中华书局,12册,3483页)
⑷《宋书》卷37《州郡二》:“阴山令,阴山乃是汉旧县,而属桂阳。吴湘东郡有此阴山县,疑是吴所立。”(北京,中华书局,4册,1132页)
吴增仅、杨守敬:《三国郡县表附考证》:“《元和志》、《寰宇记》并云东汉省阴山入含洭。”(《二十五史补编》,第3册,2956页。)又:“阴山沈《志》云:《吴录》湘东郡有此县。《方舆纪要》:吴省桂阳阴山县,别置阴山,属湘东。”(同上,2954页)
⑸《晋书》卷15《地理下》;北京,中华书局,2册,457页。
《宋书》卷37《州郡三》;北京,中华书局,4册,1132页。
《南齐书》卷15《州郡下》;北京,中华书局,1册,288页。
洪齮孙,《补梁疆域志》卷3;北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4419页。
臧励和,《补陈疆域志》卷3;北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4463页。
⑹《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“湘潭,平陈,废茶陵、攸水、阴山、建宁四县入焉。”(北京,中华书局,3册,896页)", "source uri" : "" }