{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41827", "sys_id" : "hvd_41827", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "臨武縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "临武县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Linwu Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-202", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "13", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.31896", "longitude" : "112.60960", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南临武县驻地城关镇东北9公里土地乡南武", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-202", "end year" : "13", "parent id" : "hvd_32832", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "临武县(前202-13)治所(傅林祥编写)

约汉初置。⑴治所在今湖南临武县驻地城关镇东北9公里土地乡南、武水北。⑵因临武水,故名。⑶属桂阳郡。王莽时改名大武县。⑷

⑴《史记》卷95《樊郦滕灌列传》:“明日,项羽入屠咸阳,立沛公为汉王。汉王赐哙爵为列侯。迁为郎中,从入汉中。”(中华书局,第8册,第2655页)又《汉书?地理志》亦有临武。据此,暂定为汉高祖刘邦称帝之年(前202)已有临武县。
⑵《舆志纪胜》卷61《荆湖南路》:“临武县,……《元和郡县志》去本汉旧县,以南临武溪水,因以为名。历代属桂阳郡,隋为郴州,县属不改。《南齐志》桂阳郡下有临武县,《隋志》桂阳郡下亦有临武县,《唐地理志》云如意元年改曰隆武,神龙元年复其故名。《桂阳志》云晋天福四年复废,地入平阳。绍兴十六年知监吴铎申奏乞复,置临武县,乃重建县治焉。”(中华书局,第3册,第2150页)
《湖南省志》第2卷《地理志》第2篇《沿革》:“治所在今治东15里的古城渡。(见同治《临武县志》)。”(湖南人民出版社,1982年,上册,第617页)
⑶《水经?溱水注》:“武溪水出临武县西北桐柏山,东南流右合溱水,乱流东南迳临武县西,谓之武溪。县临侧溪东,因曰临武县。王莽更名大武也。”(江苏古籍出版社,《水经注疏》,下册,第3174页。)
⑷《汉书》卷28上《地理志上》:“莽曰大武”。(中华书局,第6册,第1594页)", "source uri" : "" }