{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41824", "sys_id" : "hvd_41824", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "平陽縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "平阳县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Pingyang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "618", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "938", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.74197", "longitude" : "112.72593", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南桂阳县驻地城关镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "618", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_32838", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32839", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32840", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "935", "parent id" : "hvd_32841", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "936", "end year" : "938", "parent id" : "hvd_32842", "name" : "敦州", "transcribed" : "Dun Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "平阳县(618-938年)治所(傅林祥编写)

隋大业末萧铣置。或云东晋陶侃置。⑴治所在今湖南桂阳县驻地城关镇。⑵唐初属郴州。天宝元年属桂阳郡,乾元元年属郴州。⑶五代晋天福四年(939)废入桂阳监。⑷

⑴《元和郡县图志》卷29《江南道五》:“平阳县……本汉郴县地,东晋陶侃于今理南置,属平阳郡。至陈俱废。隋末萧铣分置,武德因而不改。七年省,八年复置。”(北京,中华书局,708页)
《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“平阳,晋分郴置平阳郡及县。陈废,后萧铣复分郴置。武德七年省,八年复置。”(北京,中华书局,5册,1618页)
嘉庆《清一统志》卷375《桂阳直隶州》:“按:《元和志》言东晋置平阳县,属平阳郡,陈废。《旧唐书?地理志》晋分郴县置平阳郡及县,陈废。是晋、宋、齐、梁皆有平阳县也。而《晋书》、《宋书》、《南齐书》皆无此县。今于州之沿革,据正史叙列,而附《元和志》、《旧唐书》之说于此。”(138册,9页)
《隋书》卷:开皇十三年(617)冬十月,“罗令萧铣以县反,鄱阳人董景珍以郡反,迎铣于罗县,号为梁王,攻陷傍郡。”
按:疑平阳郡、平阳县为西晋末、东晋初年,陶侃任荆州刺史时私置,并未得到晋室的同意,故各正史均未记载。现采《清一统志》之说,作隋大业末置。萧铣置县暂作隋大业十四年(义宁二年)、唐武德元年(618)。
⑵嘉庆《清一统志》卷375《桂阳直隶州》:“平阳故城,今州治。晋置县,唐末省,宋复置,为桂阳军治,元为桂阳路治,明省入州。”(138册,9页)
⑶晋?刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“郴州,中。隋桂阳郡。武德四年,平萧铣,置郴州,领郴、卢阳、义章、临武、平阳、晋兴6县。……天宝元年,改为桂阳郡。乾元元年,复为郴州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,第5册,第1617页)
⑷宋本《太平寰宇记》卷117《江南西道十五》:“晋天福四年割出郴州平阳、临武两县人户属监”。", "source uri" : "" }