{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41712", "sys_id" : "hvd_41712", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "桂東縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "桂东县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Guidong Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1211", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "1357", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.99159", "longitude" : "113.91432", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南桂东县驻地城关镇南寨前乡(寨前圩)", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1211", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32843", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1357", "parent id" : "hvd_32766", "name" : "郴州路", "transcribed" : "Chenzhou Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "桂东县(1211-1357年)治所(傅林祥编写)

南宋嘉定四年(1211)析桂阳县宜城、零陵二乡置。⑴治所在今湖南桂东县驻地城关镇南寨前乡(寨前圩)。⑵属郴州。元至元十三年(1276)属郴州路。⑶明洪武元年(1358)迁治凤皇山麓。⑷

⑴元?脱脱:《宋史》卷88《地理四》:“南渡后,增县二:兴宁,嘉定二年,析郴县资兴、程水二乡置资兴县,后改今名。桂东。本郴县地。嘉定四年,析桂阳之零陵、宜城二乡置今县于上犹砦。”(中华书局,1977年校点本,第7册,第2200页)
康熙《郴州总志》卷1《封域志》:“宋宁宗嘉定四年路帅曹彦约虑峒贼出没,割桂阳县之宜城、零陵二乡为桂东县。”(线装书局,《国家图书馆藏清代孤本方志选》,第111页)
⑵⑷同治《桂东县志》卷1《沿革志》:“嘉定四年,路帅曹彦约缘疋袍峒寇不时出劫,乃析桂阳县之且城、零陵二乡为桂东,仍属郴。县分于是科,始立治于上犹砦,即今宜一都寨前也。编五里。……明洪武九年,改为直隶郴州,桂东仍隶之。邑令胡视远请移县治于宜城上流凤凰山下,为今治。”又卷2《疆域志》:“寨前墟,在宜一都,即旧治,离城二十五里。”又卷三《建置》:“县治在凤皇山之麓。自宋嘉定四年设邑宜一都,未建城。明洪武元年移于今治,城亦未建。”
⑶明?宋廉等:《元史》卷63《地理六》:“郴州路,下。唐改桂阳郡为郴州,宋因之。元至元十三年,置安抚司。十四年,改郴州路总管府。领司一、县六。”(中华书局,1976年校点本,第5册,第1530页)", "source uri" : "" }