{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41705", "sys_id" : "hvd_41705", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "宜章縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宜章县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yizhang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "976", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.40143", "longitude" : "112.94212", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南宜章县驻地城关镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "976", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32843", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_32766", "name" : "郴州路", "transcribed" : "Chenzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1375", "parent id" : "hvd_32767", "name" : "郴州府", "transcribed" : "Chenzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1376", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32768", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_41704", "name" : "义章县", "transcribed" : "Yizhang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宜章县(976-1911年)治所(傅林祥编写)

北宋太平兴国元年(976),避宋太宗讳,改义章县置。⑴治所即今湖南宜章县驻地城关镇。属郴州。元至元十三年(1276)属郴州路。⑵明洪武元年(1358)属郴州府。⑶洪武九年四月甲午(1376.4.29)属郴州直隶州。⑷至清末未变。⑸

⑴《元丰九域志》卷6《荆湖路》:“太平兴国元年改郴义县为桂阳,义章县为宜章。景德元年以蓝山县隶桂阳监。熙宁六年改高亭县为永兴。”(中华书局,第263页)
康熙《郴州总志》卷1《封域志》:“太平兴国初避太宗讳,改义章为宜章,改郴义为郴阳县。”(线装书局,《国家图书馆藏清代孤本方志选》,第103页)又:“宋太平兴国元年改义章为宜章,以避太宗讳,故也。”(同上,第108页)
⑵明?宋廉等:《元史》卷63《地理六》:“郴州路,下。唐改桂阳郡为郴州,宋因之。元至元十三年,置安抚司。十四年,改郴州路总管府。领司一、县六。”(中华书局,1976年校点本,第5册,第1530页)
⑶《明史》卷44《地理五》:“郴州,元郴州路,属湖南道宣慰司。洪武元年为府。九年四月降为州,以州治郴阳县省入,直隶布政司。”(中华书局1974年点校本,4册,第1093页)
⑷《明太祖实录》卷105:洪武九年四月甲午,“改郴州府为郴州。罢桂阳府,以其地益之。革所属郴阳县。”(台湾中研院历语所校印本,第3册,第1758页)
⑸《职官录》(清宣统三年冬季)湖南省(台湾文海出版社有限公司《近代中国史料丛刊》影印本,第1151页)", "source uri" : "" }