{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41687", "sys_id" : "hvd_41687", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "便縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "便县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Bian Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-112", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "13", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.13393", "longitude" : "113.11494", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南永兴县驻地城关镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-112", "end year" : "-62", "parent id" : "hvd_32813", "name" : "长沙国", "transcribed" : "Changsha Guo" }, { "begin year" : "-61", "end year" : "13", "parent id" : "hvd_32832", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_41686", "name" : "便侯国", "transcribed" : "Bian Houguo" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "便县(前112年-13年)治所(傅林祥编写)

西汉武帝元鼎五年(前112)便侯国除,为县。⑴治所在今湖南永兴县驻地城关镇。⑵属长沙国。宣帝时,改属桂阳郡。⑶约新莽天凤元年(公元14),王莽改名便屏县。⑶

⑴《史记?惠景间侯者年表》:“元鼎五年,侯千秋坐酎金,国除。”(中华书局,第3册,第978页)又,《汉书?地理志》桂阳郡领有便县,当是国除后置县。治所在今湖南永兴县驻地城关镇。⑵属长沙国。
⑵宋本《太平寰宇记》卷117《江南西道十五》:“高亭县……本汉便县地,属零陵。今县东南一里有古便城,即汉为邑理所。其城亦南临耒水。”
《湖南省志》第2卷《地理志》第2篇《沿革》:“永兴县治在耒水上游东岸。灵江水于治北入耒水。即今城关镇。永兴县在秦代为郴县地。汉高帝时(公元前206年—195年)分郴县置便县,治所在今县城。”(湖南人民出版社,1982年,上册,第608页)
⑶《汉书》卷53《长沙定王发传》:“子剌王建德嗣,宣帝时坐猎纵火燔民九十六家,杀二人,又以县官事怨内史,教人诬告以弃市罪,削八县,罢中尉官。”(中华书局,第8册,第2427页)
⑶《汉书》卷28上《地理志第八上》:“便,莽曰便屏。”(北京,中华书局,第6册,第1594页)", "source uri" : "" }