{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41682", "sys_id" : "hvd_41682", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "郴縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "郴县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Chen Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "23", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "935", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.80272", "longitude" : "113.02514", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南郴州市城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "23", "end year" : "27", "parent id" : "hvd_32834", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "28", "end year" : "57", "parent id" : "hvd_32835", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "58", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32836", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_32837", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_32838", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32839", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32840", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "935", "parent id" : "hvd_32841", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_41681", "name" : "宣风县", "transcribed" : "Xuanfeng Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "郴县(公元23年-935年)治所(傅林祥编写)

约刘玄更始元年(公元23),改宣风县复名郴县。⑴治所在今湖南郴州市城区。东汉属桂阳郡,约光武帝后为郡治。⑵三国吴、晋、南朝宋、齐、梁、陈因之。⑶隋开皇九年(589)平陈,为郴州治。⑷大业三年(607)为桂阳郡治。⑸唐武德四年(621)为郴州治。⑹天宝元年(742)为桂阳郡治。乾元元年(758)为郴州治。⑺五代晋天福初改名敦化县。⑻


⑴据考证,东汉恢复西汉郡县名,大多在刘玄更始元年(公元23)。
⑵晋?刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“郴,汉县,属桂阳郡,汉郡理所也。后汉郡理耒阳,寻还郴。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,第5册,第1618页)
又:《续汉书?郡国四》桂阳郡领有郴县,为首县。见中华书局本,第12册,第3483页。
按:因无具体年代可考,暂定在明帝永平元年(公元58年),待详考。
⑶吴增仅、杨守敬:《三国郡县表附考证》;《二十五史补编》,第3册,2956页。
《晋书》卷15《地理下》(北京,中华书局,2册,457页)
《宋书》卷37《州郡三》;北京,中华书局,4册,1130页。
《南齐书》卷15《州郡下》;北京,中华书局,1册,287页。
洪齮孙,《补梁疆域志》卷3;北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4421页。
臧励和,《补陈疆域志》卷3;北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4472页。
⑷唐?魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“桂阳郡,平陈,置郴州。”(中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,第3册,第896页)又:“郴,旧置桂阳郡。平陈,郡废,大业初复置。”(同上)
⑸唐?魏徵:《隋书》卷3《炀帝本纪上》:大业三年四月“壬辰,改州为郡。”(北京,中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,1册,67页)
⑹晋?刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“郴州,中。隋桂阳郡。武德四年,平萧铣,置郴州,领郴、卢阳、义章、临武、平阳、晋兴6县。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,第5册,第1617页)
⑺晋?刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“天宝元年,改为桂阳郡。乾元元年,复为郴州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,第5册,第1617页)
⑻《太平寰宇记》卷117《江南西道十五》:“郴县,……晋天福初改为敦化,汉初复旧。”
按:因是避庙讳而改名,当在五代晋天福元年(936年)。", "source uri" : "" }