{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41377", "sys_id" : "hvd_41377", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "丹陽縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "丹阳县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Danyang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-222", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.65601", "longitude" : "118.71336", "source" : "41,376", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "安徽当涂县丹阳镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-222", "end year" : "-211", "parent id" : "hvd_32052", "name" : "会稽郡", "transcribed" : "Guiji Jun" }, { "begin year" : "-210", "end year" : "-122", "parent id" : "hvd_32361", "name" : "鄣郡", "transcribed" : "Zhang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "-121", "end year" : "280", "parent id" : "hvd_32362", "name" : "丹阳郡", "transcribed" : "Danyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "281", "end year" : "317", "parent id" : "hvd_32363", "name" : "丹阳郡", "transcribed" : "Danyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "318", "end year" : "577", "parent id" : "hvd_32364", "name" : "丹阳尹", "transcribed" : "Danyang Yin" }, { "begin year" : "578", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32372", "name" : "建兴郡", "transcribed" : "Jianxing Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "丹阳县(前222—588年)治所(邹逸麟编写)


秦王政二十五年(前222年)置。①属鄣郡。②汉武帝元狩二年(前121年)属丹阳郡。③治所即今安徽当涂县丹阳镇。④后汉、三国吴、宋、齐、梁、陈因之。⑤隋开皇九年(589年)平陈,废入溧水县。⑥


①《史记》卷6《秦始皇本纪》:“三十七年,……浮江下,观籍柯,渡海渚。过丹阳,至钱塘。”(第1册,260页)此为丹阳县见于文献之始。然县置于何时,不明。按始皇“二十五年,……王翦遂定荆江南地;降越君,置会稽郡。”(234页)今姑作与会稽郡同时置。
②谭其骧《秦郡新考》:“《续志》以丹阳为秦鄣郡,裴解《晋志》因之;而清儒多以鄣郡与东阳、吴郡皆不见秦记而始见于《汉书高帝纪》六年以封荆王,因一概断为楚汉之间所增置。夫《史记》既不立专篇以志地理,秦一代之郡,自无由悉数见于一代之史,然则马彪之言,未必遽是,亦未必定非。且项羽之自立为西楚霸王,王梁楚地九郡,中间已有鄣与东阳二郡,是吴果后置,鄣与东阳,更安见其必非秦旧耶?”(《长水集》上册,10页)按《史记秦始皇本纪》无鄣郡记载,二世以后天下大乱,不当更置新郡。今姑定鄣郡分置于始皇三十七年(前210年)。
③《汉书》卷28上《地理志八上》:“丹阳郡,故鄣郡,属江都。武帝元封二年更名丹阳。属扬州。”(第6册,1592页)周振鹤《西汉政区地理》:“《汉志》系鄣郡改名于武帝元封二年,恐传钞致误。清人钱坫曰,江都王建以元狩二年自杀国除,非元封也,汉以《宋志》改正,此语极是。汉改郡名均在国除为郡或郡境有所变动之时,若元封二年,鄣郡无所变化,不得无故更名。元狩元年、二年之间接连废除衡山、淮南、江都三国,武帝于是对故淮南、江都别郡进行一番调整,鄣郡于此时增县四,才更名丹阳(参见淮南国考)。自元狩二年至汉末,丹阳郡境界不变,如《汉志》所示。”(38页,人民出版社,1987年)
④《清嘉庆一统志》第40册,卷120《太平府一古迹》:“丹阳故城,在当涂县东。……《括地志》丹阳故城在江宁县东南五十里。《九域志》:当涂县有丹阳镇,即故县也。《建康志》:小丹阳,在江宁县横山乡,陶吴镇西南十里,与当涂县接界。《县志》:丹阳镇在今县东少北五十里,与江宁县接界。”今当涂县东北丹阳镇即是。
⑤《后汉书》志第22《郡国志四》丹阳郡领丹阳县。(第12册,3486页)《晋书》卷15《地理志下》丹阳郡领丹阳县。(第2册,460页)《宋书》卷35《州郡志一》丹杨郡领丹杨县。(第4册,1030页)《南齐书》卷14《州郡志上》:丹阳郡领丹阳县。(第1册,245页)⑥《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:丹阳郡“溧水县,旧曰溧阳。开皇九年废丹阳郡入。”(第3册,877页)中华本校云:“‘江宁’下已注‘废丹阳郡’,此处当作‘废丹阳县’。丹阳县见《梁书敬帝纪》太平元年五月。”(988页)", "source uri" : "" }