{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41367", "sys_id" : "hvd_41367", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "蕪湖縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "芜湖县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Wuhu Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "222", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "372", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.33495", "longitude" : "118.36262", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "安徽芜湖市治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "222", "end year" : "280", "parent id" : "hvd_32362", "name" : "丹阳郡", "transcribed" : "Danyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "281", "end year" : "317", "parent id" : "hvd_32363", "name" : "丹阳郡", "transcribed" : "Danyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "318", "end year" : "372", "parent id" : "hvd_32364", "name" : "丹阳尹", "transcribed" : "Danyang Yin" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_41366", "name" : "芜湖县", "transcribed" : "Wuhu Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "芜湖县(222—373年)治所(邹逸麟编写)

三国吴黄武元年(222年)迁芜湖县于今安徽芜湖市治。属丹阳郡。①西晋因之。②东晋宁康二年(374年)撤销,改立襄垣侨县。③


①《读史方舆纪要》卷27太平府芜湖县:“芜湖城,县东三十里。……吴黄武初,徙县于今治。……自晋以后,皆仍吴治。”(第2册,1240页)《清嘉庆一统志》第40册,卷120《太平府一古迹》:“芜湖故城,今芜湖县东。汉置县。属丹阳郡。……章怀太子曰:芜湖县故城在当涂县东南。《元和志》:芜湖水侧。汉末尝置芜湖县。吴将陆逊、晋谢尚、王敦皆尝镇此。《寰宇记》:芜湖县东北至太平州六十五里。晋为重镇。实江津之要。自唐武德以来为镇,隶姑孰。南唐割宣城、当涂二邑地复置。即今县也。《府志》:有故城在今县东三十里。周十九里。遗址略存。吴黄武初,徙於今治。”黄武初年,姑定为黄武元年(222年)。
②《晋书》卷15《地理志下》:丹阳郡领芜湖县。(第2册,460页)
③《晋书》卷15《地理志下》扬州后序:“成帝初,苏峻、祖约为乱於江淮,胡寇又大至,百姓南渡者转多,乃於江南侨立淮南郡及诸县,……孝武宁康二年,……是时上党百姓南渡,侨立上党郡为四县,寄居芜湖。寻又省上党郡为县,又罢襄城郡为繁昌县,并以属淮南。”(第2册,463-464页)《宋书》卷35《州郡志一》:淮南太守:“成帝初,苏峻、祖约为乱於江淮,胡寇又大至,民南度江者转多,乃於江南侨立淮南郡及诸县,晋末遂割丹阳于湖县为淮南境。宋孝武大明六年,以淮南郡并宣城,宣城郡徙治于湖。八年复立淮南郡,属南豫州。明帝泰始三年,还属扬州。”“襄垣令,其地本芜湖,芜湖县,汉旧县。至于晋末,立襄垣县,属上党郡。上党民南过江,侨立郡县,寄治芜湖,后省上党郡为县。文帝元嘉九年,省上党县并襄垣。”《读史方舆纪要》卷27太平府芜湖县:“芜湖县,……汉置芜湖县。属丹阳郡。……晋咸和四年尝为豫州治。宁康初侨立上党郡及襄垣县,寄治芜湖县,寻改芜湖为襄垣。宋齐因之,属淮南郡。隋省襄垣入当涂。唐为芜湖镇。杨吴复置芜湖县,属昇州。”(第2册,1240页)", "source uri" : "" }