{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41345", "sys_id" : "hvd_41345", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "臨城縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "临城县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Lincheng Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "243", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.61790", "longitude" : "117.85781", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今安徽青阳县(蓉城镇)南五里", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "243", "end year" : "280", "parent id" : "hvd_32362", "name" : "丹阳郡", "transcribed" : "Danyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "281", "end year" : "461", "parent id" : "hvd_32466", "name" : "宣城郡", "transcribed" : "Xuancheng Jun" }, { "begin year" : "462", "end year" : "463", "parent id" : "hvd_32637", "name" : "宣城郡", "transcribed" : "Xuancheng Jun" }, { "begin year" : "464", "end year" : "524", "parent id" : "hvd_32638", "name" : "宣城郡", "transcribed" : "Xuancheng Jun" }, { "begin year" : "525", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32469", "name" : "南陵郡", "transcribed" : "Nanling Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "临城县(243—588年)治所(邹逸麟编写)

三国吴赤乌六年(243年)置,属丹阳郡。①今安徽青阳县(蓉城镇)南五里。②晋太康二年(281年)属宣城郡。③宋齐因之。④隋开皇九年(589年)平陈废。⑤

①《宋书》卷35《州郡志一》宣城太守:“临城令,吴立。”(第4册,1035页)《太平寰宇记》卷105池州青阳县:“本吴临城县地。赤乌中置。”(光绪金陵书局本)清吴增仅撰、杨守敬补正《三国郡县表附考证》:丹阳郡“临城,《沈志》:吴立。《南畿志》赤乌中,分石城、陵阳地置侯国。赤乌中孙楷封此。见孙韶传。”(《二十五史补编》第3册,2932页)赤乌中,无确年,姑定于赤乌六年(243年)。
②《清嘉庆一统志》第40册,卷118《池州府古迹》:“临城废县,在青阳县南。三国吴分陵阳、石城地置县。隋平陈废。……《县志》临城镇,在今县南五里。”今安徽青阳县(蓉城镇)南五里有城西、城东地名,当时古临城县故址。见《安徽省地图册》青阳县幅,安徽省测绘局编制,福建地图出版社,1984年。
③《晋书》卷15《地理志下》:“及晋平吴,以安成属荆州,分丹阳之宣城、宛陵、陵阳、安吴、泾、广德、宁国、怀安、石城、临城、春谷十一县立宣城郡。”(第2册,459页)《晋书》卷15《地理志下》:“宣城郡太康二年置。统县十一……临城。”(第2册,461页)
④《宋书》卷35《州郡志一》宣城太守:“临城令,吴立。”(第4册,1035页)《南齐书》卷14《州郡志上》:宣城郡领临城县。(第1册,254页)
⑤《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:宣城郡南陵县:“梁置,并置南陵郡。陈置北江州。平陈,州郡并废,并所管石城、临城、定陵、故治、南陵五县入焉。”(第3册,877页)", "source uri" : "" }