{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41344", "sys_id" : "hvd_41344", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "貴池縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "贵池县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Guichi Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "926", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.65466", "longitude" : "117.48183", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今安徽池州市治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "926", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32455", "name" : "池州", "transcribed" : "Chi Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1360", "parent id" : "hvd_32456", "name" : "池州路", "transcribed" : "Chizhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1361", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32457", "name" : "池州府", "transcribed" : "Chizhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_41343", "name" : "秋浦县", "transcribed" : "Qiupu Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "贵池县(926—1911年)治所(邹逸麟编写)

五代吴顺义六年(926年)改名贵池。为池州治。①宋因之。②治所即今安徽池州市治。③元至元十四年(1277年)为池州路治。④至正二十一年(1361年)改为池州府治。⑤清因之。⑥1912年裁府留县,属安徽省。⑦


①《太平寰宇记》卷105池州贵池县:“伪吴顺义六年改为贵池,因旧地名。”
②《宋史》卷88《地理志四》:池州首县贵池。(第7册,2187页)
③《旧唐书》卷40《地理志三》:“池州,下。隋宣城郡之秋浦县。武德四年,置池州,领秋浦、南陵二县。贞观元年废池州,以秋浦属宣州。永泰元年,江西观察使李勉,以秋浦去洪州九百里,请复置池州,仍请割青阳、至德二县隶之,又析置石埭县,并从之。后隶宣州。……秋浦,州所治。汉石城县,属丹阳郡。隋分南陵置秋浦县,因水为名。”(第5册,1603页)《新唐书》卷41《地理志五》:“池州,上。武德四年以宣州之秋浦、南陵二县置。贞观元年州废,县还隶宣州,永泰元年复析宣州之秋浦、青阳,饶州之至德置。”今从《元和志》作永泰二年。《元和郡县志》卷28《江南道四》池州秋浦:“隋开皇十九年於石城故城置,属宣州。永泰二年,李勉奏置池州,县属焉。”“大江在县北七里。贵池水在县西七里。”(下册,689页)贵池水,《清嘉庆一统志》第40册,卷118《池州府山川》:“贵池水在贵池县西。一名池口河。”即今秋浦河。是永泰二年秋浦县移治今池州市治。同书《古迹》石城故城:“在贵池县西。……永泰元年李勉奏置池州,新县属焉。盖是时移於今治。”此说可信。《读史方舆纪要》卷27池州贵池县:“石城废县,……隋废县。寻改置秋浦县於石城故址。唐因之。杨吴徙秋浦於贵池,因曰贵池县,即今治也。”(第2册,1246页)《太平寰宇记》卷105池州贵池县:“伪吴顺义六年改为贵池,因旧地名。”盖因贵池而改名,非移治也。《纪要》说不可从。
④《元史》卷62《地理志五》:“池州路,下唐於秋浦县置池州,后废,以县隶宣州。宋仍为池州。元至元十四年升为路。……贵池,下,倚郭。”(第5册,1502页)
⑤《明史》卷40《地理志一》:池州府:“太祖辛丑年八月曰九华府,寻曰池州府。……贵池,倚。”(第4册,926页)辛丑年为元至正二十一年(1361年)。《明太祖实隶》卷9辛丑八月癸卯:“改池州路为九华府,以刘行任为知府。寻改为池州府。”可知为同年改复,不计。
⑥《清嘉庆一统志》第40册,卷118《池州府一建置沿革》:贵池县“明为池州府治。本朝因之。”
⑦内政部编《中华民国行政区划简表》,23页,商务印书馆,1947年。
①②③④⑤⑥⑦", "source uri" : "" }