{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41330", "sys_id" : "hvd_41330", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "祁門縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "祁门县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Qimen Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "766", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.85415", "longitude" : "117.70698", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今安徽祁门县治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "766", "end year" : "1120", "parent id" : "hvd_32450", "name" : "歙州", "transcribed" : "She Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1121", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32451", "name" : "徽州", "transcribed" : "Hui Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1356", "parent id" : "hvd_32452", "name" : "徽州路", "transcribed" : "Huizhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1357", "end year" : "1366", "parent id" : "hvd_32453", "name" : "兴安府", "transcribed" : "Xing'an Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1367", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32454", "name" : "徽州府", "transcribed" : "Huizhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "祁门县(766—1911年)治所(邹逸麟编写)

唐永泰二年(766年)分黝县及饶州浮梁县地置,属歙州。①故治即今安徽祁门县治。②五代吴、南唐属歙州。③宋初因之。宣和三年(1121年)改歙州为徽州,县属之。④元至元十四年(1277年)升徽州为徽州路,县属之。⑤至正十七年(1357年)改徽州路为兴安府,县属之。吴元年(1367年)复改兴安府为徽州府,县属之。⑥清因之。⑦1912年裁府留县,属安徽省。⑧,

①《元和郡县志》卷28《江南道四》歙州祁门县:“永泰元年草贼方清於此置昌门县,以为守备。刺史长孙全绪讨平之,因其旧城置县,耻其旧号,以县东北一里有祁山,因改为祁门县。大历五年又移於东,面临大溪,西枕小山。”(下册,688页)《新唐书》卷41《地理志五》:歙州祁门“永泰二年平方清,因其垒析黝及饶州之浮梁置。”(第4册,1067页)
②《清嘉庆一统志》第37册,卷112《徽州府一?古迹》:“祁门故城在祁门县西。”其根据则即为《元和志》“大历五年又移於东,面临大溪,西枕小山”句,别无明确故城在何处。按《元和志》谓大历前祁门命名,因“县东北一里有祁山。”《太平寰宇记》卷104歙州祁门县:“祁山在县东北一里。”淳熙《新安志》卷4《山阜》:“祁山在县东北一里。”《清嘉庆一统志》第37册,卷112《徽州府一?山川》:“祁山在祁门县东北一里。”可见唐大历前后县治距祁山无变化。大历年所移距里极近,可视为一地。本图不作区别。
③《新五代史》卷60《职方考》歙州先后属吴、南唐。(第3册,726页)
④《太平寰宇记》卷104歙州:“领县六:……祁门县。”(光绪金陵书局本)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》:“徽州,上,新安郡……宣和三年,改歙州为徽州。……县六:……祁门。”(第7册,2187页)
⑤《元史》卷62《地理志五》:“徽州路,上。唐歙州。宋改徽州。元至元十四年升徽州路。……祁门,中。”(第5册,1500页)
⑥《明史》卷41《地理志一》:徽州府:“太祖丁酉年七月曰兴安府。吴元年曰徽州府。领县六……祁门,府西。”(第4册,929页)
⑦《清嘉庆一统志》第37册,卷112《徽州府一?建置沿革》:“本朝初属江南布政使司。康熙六年分属安徽省。……祁门县,在府西一百八十里。”
⑧内政部编《中华民国行政区划简表》23页,商务印书馆,1947年。", "source uri" : "" }