{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41304", "sys_id" : "hvd_41304", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "宛陵縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宣城县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xuancheng Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-202", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "29", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.91230", "longitude" : "118.48513", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今安徽南陵县东弋江镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-121", "end year" : "29", "parent id" : "hvd_32362", "name" : "丹阳郡", "transcribed" : "Danyang Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宣城县(前202—29年)治所(邹逸麟编写)

汉高帝五年(前202年)置,属庐江郡。武帝元狩二年(前121年)改属丹阳郡。①故治今安徽南陵县东弋江镇。②东汉建武六年(30年)省。③

①《汉书》卷28上《地理志八》:丹杨郡领宣城县。(第6册,1592页)宣城为汉县,置于何时无考。《史记》卷《黥布列传》:“汉五年……布遂剖符为淮南王,都六,九江、庐江、衡山、豫章皆属布。”(第8册,2603页)今姑作初封英布时置。初属庐江郡。周振鹤《西汉政区地理》:“《汉志》丹阳郡领县十六,其西南部庐江水附近四县本为庐江郡地,武帝元狩二年割畀鄣郡,鄣郡遂而改名丹阳。”(36页)
②《清嘉庆一统志》第39册,卷116《宁国府二?古迹》:“宣城故城,在南陵县东四十里青弋江上。……章怀太子曰:宣城故城在今宣州南陵县东。《舆地广记》:汉宣城故城在今县东。”今南陵县东30里左右青弋江西岸有弋江镇,当是。
③《后汉书》志二十二《郡国志四》:丹阳郡无宣城县。(第12册,3486页)《清嘉庆一统志》第39册,卷116《宁国府一?建置沿革》:“南陵县,……汉置宣城县,属丹阳郡。后汉省。”省于何时无考。《后汉书》卷1下《光武纪下》:建武六年(30年)“六月辛卯,诏曰:夫张官置吏,所以为人也。今百姓遭难,户口耗少,而县官吏所置尚繁,其令司隶、州牧各实所部,省减吏员。县国不足置长吏可并合者,上大司徒、大司空二府。於是条奏并省四百余县,吏职减损,十置其一。”(第1册,49页)今姑作省于该时。", "source uri" : "" }