{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41302", "sys_id" : "hvd_41302", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "宛陵縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宛陵县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Wanling Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "23", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "606", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.94694", "longitude" : "118.74250", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今安徽宣州市治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "23", "end year" : "280", "parent id" : "hvd_32362", "name" : "丹阳郡", "transcribed" : "Danyang Jun" }, { "begin year" : "281", "end year" : "461", "parent id" : "hvd_32466", "name" : "宣城郡", "transcribed" : "Xuancheng Jun" }, { "begin year" : "462", "end year" : "463", "parent id" : "hvd_32637", "name" : "宣城郡", "transcribed" : "Xuancheng Jun" }, { "begin year" : "464", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32638", "name" : "宣城郡", "transcribed" : "Xuancheng Jun" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_32470", "name" : "宣州", "transcribed" : "Xuan Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_41301", "name" : "无宛县", "transcribed" : "Wuwan Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宛陵县(23—606年)治所(邹逸麟编写)

西汉末刘玄更始元年(23年)复改无宛县为宛陵县。仍为丹阳郡治。①治所即今安徽宣州市治。②西晋太康二年(281年)分丹阳郡置宣城郡。县为郡治。③宋、齐、梁、陈因之。④隋开皇九年(589年)平陈,省宣城郡,改南豫州为宣州。大业三年(607年)改宣州为宣城郡,改郡治宛陵县为宣城县。⑤

①《后汉书》卷第22《郡国志四》:丹阳郡首县宛陵。(第12册,3486页)
②《清嘉庆一统志》第39册,卷116《宁国府二?古迹》:“宛陵故城,即今宣城县城。汉初置,为丹阳郡治。晋改为宣城郡治。咸和中桓彝为内史筑城,值苏峻之乱,城未及坚,乃退屯广德。隋始改县曰宣城。又《元和志》云:宣城县在宣州郭下,隋自宛陵移于今理。据此似今宣城县治,非汉宛陵故治矣。”按《元和志》此处似有脱文,宛陵并无迁移记载,当即今宣城市治。
③《晋书》卷15《地理志下》:扬州:“及晋平吴,……分丹杨之宣城、宛陵、陵阳、安吴、泾、广德、宁国、怀安、石城、临城、春榖十一县立宣城郡,理宛陵。”第2册,459页)“宣城郡,太康二年置。统县十一。……宛陵。”(第2册,460页)《宋书》卷35《州郡志一》:“宣城太守,晋武帝太康元年分丹阳立。”(第4册,1034页)今从《晋志》。
④《宋书》卷35《州郡志一》:“宣城太守,晋武帝太康元年分丹阳立。……宛陵令,汉旧县。”(第4册,1034—35页)《南齐书》卷14《州郡志上》:宣城郡领有宛陵县。(第1册,254页)洪齮孙《补梁疆疆域志》宣城郡首县宛陵。(《二十五史补编》第4册,4381页)臧励龢《补陈疆域志》宣城郡首县宛陵。(《二十五史补编》第4册,4450页)
⑤《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:“宣城郡,旧置南豫州。平陈,改为宣州。统县六:……宣城,旧曰宛陵,置宣城郡。平陈,郡废。仍并怀安、宁国、当涂、浚遒四县入焉。大业初置郡。”杨守敬《隋书地理志考证附补遗》於“旧曰宛陵”下:“按汉晋宋齐志宛陵、宣城并立。此但云宛陵者,当是隋平陈,并宛陵於宣城,又以宣城治宛陵,非必梁陈有废宣城事也。观《寰宇记》有陈并怀安入宣城可见。”(《二十五史补编》第4册,4869页)明万历五年《宁国府志》卷1《郡纪》:“隋文帝开皇九年平陈,并省诸县,改宣城郡为宣州。统县六:宣城,宛陵、宁国、怀安、浚遒省入,治宛陵。”是隋开皇九年平陈后,省宁国、当涂、怀安、浚遒四县入宛陵。《隋书》卷3《炀帝纪上》大业三年(607年)夏四月,“壬辰,改州为郡。”(第1册,67页)《清嘉庆一统志》第39册,卷116《宁国府一?建置沿革》:“隋大业初改县曰宣城。”当可从之。", "source uri" : "" }