{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41241", "sys_id" : "hvd_41241", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "尋陽縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "寻阳县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xunyang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "334", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "411", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.72242", "longitude" : "115.88428", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西九江市西十五里", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "334", "end year" : "411", "parent id" : "hvd_32601", "name" : "寻阳郡", "transcribed" : "Xunyang Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_41256", "name" : "寻阳县", "transcribed" : "Xunyang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "寻阳县(334-411年)治所(赵永复编写)

约东晋咸和九年(334年)移治江南,属寻阳郡,义熙八年(412年)省入柴桑县(1)。治今江西九江市西十五里(2)。

注:
(1)《通典》卷182江州浔阳:“汉旧县在江北,今蕲春郡界,晋温峤移于此。”(北京,中华书局,1988年,5册,4840页。)《舆地纪胜》卷30《江南西路》江州下云:“(寻阳)郡本在大江之北,寻水之阳,因名寻阳,今蕲州之兰城,即寻阳之故址,在江北,咸和九年温峤移于湓城之南,始治江南。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,2册,1294页。)
(2)《清嘉庆一统志》卷318《九江府一·古迹》浔阳故城:“按汉时寻阳县,本在江北,今湖北黄梅县界。晋时移郡治柴桑,义熙八年,又省寻阳入之。自是以后皆以郡治之柴桑为寻阳,而江北之寻阳始晦。隋废柴桑,于湓口故城改置寻阳县,唐因之,于是又以湓口为寻阳,而名益淆,湓口在六朝为江滨镇守要地,其地则属柴桑,柴桑乃寻阳郡治,至隋时始移寻阳之名于湓口,后人多混为一。《明统志》云浔阳城在府西十五里,本汉寻阳县,其城晋孟怀玉所筑,隋因水患,移入城为附郭,今名故州曰彭蠡、曰湓城,即其地,其言尤为无据。”(商务印书馆,1934年,《四部丛刊续编》,116册,17页。)《读史方舆纪要》卷85九江府德化县:寻阳城,府西十五里,“孟怀玉筑寻阳城,亦曰怀王城,即此城也。宋齐以后,皆为寻阳郡治,梁又置汝南县治焉。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,4册,3582页。)嘉靖《九江府志》卷3《方舆志·古迹》:德化县浔阳城,在府西十五里,“今鹤问塞是其处。”(《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》,上海书店,36册,16页。)清同治七年《江西全省舆图》卷13九江府德化县图,县西有鹤问湖。(《中国方志丛书》华中地方102号,成文出版社有限公司,3册,1134页。)今九江市西九江县境有赛城湖,当其处。按:上引《清统志》意为义熙八年(412年)寻阳并入柴桑后,寻阳即柴桑;废柴桑,置寻阳于湓口后,又以湓口为寻阳,而寻阳旧县原在长江以北,故以府(九江府、德化县、湓口城)西之寻阳城为误,但据《通典》义熙八年前寻阳已移江南,则此年以前、寻阳南移以后,其址在何处,未于交待?今故姑从旧志之说。", "source uri" : "" }