{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41236", "sys_id" : "hvd_41236", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "汝南縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "汝南县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Runan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "502", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.66697", "longitude" : "115.95587", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西九江市西南十五里", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "502", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32601", "name" : "寻阳郡", "transcribed" : "Xunyang Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "583", "end_year" : "583", "child id" : "hvd_82979", "name" : "汝南县", "transcribed" : "Runan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "汝南县(502-588年)治所(赵永复编写)

约南朝梁天监元年(502年)置,属寻阳郡,隋开皇九年(589年)废入寻阳县(1)。约治今江西九江市西十五里(2)。

注:
(1)《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:九江郡,旧置江州。“湓城,旧曰柴桑,置寻阳郡。梁又立汝南县。平陈,郡废,又废汝南、柴桑二县,立寻阳县,十八年改曰彭蠡。大业初置郡,县改名焉。”“彭泽,梁置太原郡,领彭泽、晋阳、和城、天水。平陈,郡县并废,置龙城县。开皇十八年改名焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,894页。)按:隋平陈在开皇九年,改州为郡在大业三年。梁何年置汝南县,史未载,今姑作梁起始之年天监元年(502年)置。
(2)《清嘉庆一统志》卷318《九江府一·古迹》汝南废县:“在德化县西。梁置,属寻阳郡,隋平陈,并入寻阳。”(商务印书馆,1934年,《四部丛刊续编》,116册,18页。)《读史方舆纪要》卷85九江府德化县:寻阳城,府西十五里,“孟怀玉筑寻阳城,亦曰怀王城,即此城也。宋齐以后,皆为寻阳郡治,梁又置汝南县治焉。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,4册,3582页。)嘉靖《九江府志》卷3《方舆志·古迹》:德化县浔阳城,在府西十五里,“今鹤问塞是其处。”(《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》,上海书店,36册,16页。)清同治七年《江西全省舆图》卷13九江府德化县图,县西有鹤问湖。(《中国方志丛书》华中地方102号,成文出版社有限公司,3册,1134页。)今九江市西九江县境有赛城湖,当其处。今从《一统志》、《纪要》定位于此;又《纪要》意为寻阳郡治,恐因《隋志》“废汝南、柴桑二县”,汝南在柴桑前,故有此说,但志前文“旧曰柴桑,置寻阳郡”,则郡治仍以在柴桑为妥。", "source uri" : "" }