{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41232", "sys_id" : "hvd_41232", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "南昌縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "南昌县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Nanchang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "622", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "624", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.85850", "longitude" : "115.65408", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西安义县东阳乡附近", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "624", "parent id" : "hvd_32595", "name" : "孙州", "transcribed" : "Sun Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "南昌县(622-624年)治所(赵永复编写)

唐武德五年(622年)置,为孙州治,八年(625年)省入豫章县(1)。故址在今江西安义县东东阳乡附近(2)。


注:
(1)《旧唐书》卷40《地理志三》洪州建昌县下云:武德五年,南昌州领建昌、龙安、永修三县;八年,以南昌州新吴、永修、龙安入建昌县,以孙州之建昌入豫章县。(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1605页。)建昌属南昌州,抑或属孙州?前后矛盾。《新唐书》卷41《地理志五》洪州南昌,本豫章,武德五年析置钟陵县,又置南昌县,以南昌置孙州,八年州废。(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1068页。)是《旧唐志》“孙州之建昌”的“建”字或为“南”字之误。
(2)明万历《新修南昌府志》卷2《郡纪》:“武德四年以洪州置总菅府,析章江之西境置南昌、西昌、金塘三县,又析南昌为新吴、南泉共五县于石鼻林之北孙虑故城建孙州以统之。”(北京,书目文献出版社,1990年,48页。)按孙州治南昌,则从《府志》以孙虑故城为孙州,其地亦当为南昌县治。明正德《南康府志》卷7《古迹》安义县:“孙虑城在县南三十里。”(上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》,39册。)《清嘉庆一统志》卷317《南康府二·古迹》孙虑城:,在安义县东,县志“在县东十里。”(商务印书馆,1934年,《四部丛刊续编》,116册,1页。)未知孰是。按:南昌为孙州治,《旧唐书》卷87《林士弘传》:武德五年“王戎亦献南昌地,诏戎为南昌州总菅。”《张善安传》:武德六年“善安掠孙州,执总菅王戎。”(12册,3729/30页。)似南昌州与孙州相近,南昌州治建昌(今永修西北艾城),孙州治南昌,如从《府志》以孙虑故城为孙州,两地也相近;今安义县(明时由建昌县析出)东有孙虑故城遗址(1990年《江西省地图册》),其地正在石鼻北,姑从之。", "source uri" : "" }