{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41161", "sys_id" : "hvd_41161", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "上甲縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "上甲县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shangjia Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "317", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "411", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.58036", "longitude" : "116.33759", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西湖口县南武山乡南", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "317", "end year" : "411", "parent id" : "hvd_32601", "name" : "寻阳郡", "transcribed" : "Xunyang Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "上甲县(317-411年)治所(赵永复编写)

约东晋建武元年(317年)置上甲县,属寻阳郡,义熙八年(412年)省入彭泽(1)。治今江西湖口县南武山乡以南一带(2)。

注:
(1)《晋书》卷15《地理志下》:元帝渡江,寻阳郡又置九江、上甲二县,安帝义熙八年,后又省上甲县入彭泽县。(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,462~4页。)《舆地纪胜》卷30《江南西路》江州下云:上甲县“《寻阳志》云,晋元帝置,义熙中省天(天,当作入)彭泽。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,2册,1320页。)明嘉靖六年《九江府志》卷3《方舆志·古迹》彭泽县:上甲废县,在湖口县南百里许,晋永嘉元年置,义熙八年省入彭泽。(《中国方志丛书》华中地方735号,成文出版社有限公司,1册,176页。)按:怀帝永嘉元年(307年),琅邪王司马睿虽已镇建康(今江苏南京市),但《晋志》记“又置九江、上甲二县在愍帝(313—6年)之后,司马睿称帝在建武元年(317年),府志之说恐也为推测之词,今从《晋志》姑作建武元年置。
(2)《清嘉庆一统志》卷318《九江府一·古迹》:上甲废县“《湖口县志》,故址在今县东南百里彭蠡乡三学堂南。”(商务印书馆,1934年,《四部丛刊续编》,116册,18页。)今《湖口县志》说:上甲县其遗址,今武山乡陈梅村附近有上甲里。(南昌,江西人民出版社,1992年,卷16七十四章第四节文化遗址,662页。)今图湖口县东南有武山。(上海,中华地图学社,1990年,《江西省地图册》。)", "source uri" : "" }