{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_41125", "sys_id" : "hvd_41125", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "寧州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宁州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Ning Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "sub-prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1503", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1800", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.03871", "longitude" : "114.55963", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西修水县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1503", "end year" : "1800", "parent id" : "hvd_32593", "name" : "南昌府", "transcribed" : "Nanchang Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_41124", "name" : "宁县", "transcribed" : "Ning Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宁州(1503-1800年)治所(赵永复编写)

明弘治十六年(1503年)升宁县为宁州,属南昌府(1),清嘉庆六年(1801年)改为义宁州(2)。即今修水县(3)。

注:
(1)《明史》卷43《地理志四》南昌府宁州:“元分宁县,为宁州治,洪武初,改县为宁县,省州入焉。弘治十六年升县为州。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1054页。)嘉靖《宁州志》卷1《建制沿革》:洪武二年改宁州为宁县。(《天一阁明代方志选刊续编》,43册,46页。)
(2)《清嘉庆一统志》卷308《南昌府一·建置沿革》:义宁州“明洪武初,改州为宁县,宏治十六年复升为州。本朝因之,嘉庆六年改为义宁州。”。(商务印书馆,1934年,《四部丛刊续编》,113册,4页。)
(3)《清嘉庆一统志》卷308《南昌府一·城池》:义宁州城“明正德六年土筑。”(113册,5页。)内政部编《中华民国行政区域简表》:修水县“旧义宁州,民元改县,三年一月改名。”(上海,商务印书馆,1947年,32页。)", "source uri" : "" }