{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40897", "sys_id" : "hvd_40897", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "吉水縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "吉水县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jishui Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1369", "begin rule" : "5", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "6" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.21437", "longitude" : "115.13225", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西吉水县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1369", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32549", "name" : "吉安府", "transcribed" : "Jian Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40896", "name" : "吉水州", "transcribed" : "Jishui Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "吉水县(1369-1911年)治所(钱林书编写)

明洪武二年(1369年)改吉水州置,属吉安府。(1)治所即今江西吉水县。(2)清不改。(3)1912年属江西省。(4)

注:
(1)《明史》卷43《地理志四·江西》吉安府吉水县:“元吉水州,洪武二年(1369年)正月降为县。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1062页)
(2)清《嘉庆一统志》卷327《吉安府一·城池》吉水县城:“南唐保大八年(950年)筑。明正德间甃石。本朝康熙、雍正间增修,乾隆二十五年中修”。(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,120册,5页)据牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》谓,清吉安府吉水县治即今江西吉水县。(北京,中国地图出版社,1990年,183页)则故吉水县治即今江西吉水县。
(3)《清史稿》卷66《地理志十三·江西》:吉安府领有吉水县。(北京,中华书局,1977年,8册,2164页)
(4)郑宝恒《民国时期政区沿革·北京政府时期》江西省廬陵道:“廬陵县,本旧吉安府附廓首县,1912年10月裁府留县。”(武汉,湖北教育出版社,2000年,72页)吉水县属江西省。", "source uri" : "" }