{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40815", "sys_id" : "hvd_40815", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "桐盧縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "桐庐县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Tonglu Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "739", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.80246", "longitude" : "119.66494", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "治今浙江桐庐县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "739", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32198", "name" : "睦州", "transcribed" : "Mu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32197", "name" : "新定郡", "transcribed" : "Xin'an Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "899", "parent id" : "hvd_32196", "name" : "睦州", "transcribed" : "Mu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "900", "end year" : "976", "parent id" : "hvd_32336", "name" : "杭州", "transcribed" : "Hang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "977", "end year" : "1120", "parent id" : "hvd_32196", "name" : "睦州", "transcribed" : "Mu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1121", "end year" : "1264", "parent id" : "hvd_32175", "name" : "严州", "transcribed" : "Yan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1265", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32174", "name" : "建德府", "transcribed" : "Jiande Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1357", "parent id" : "hvd_32173", "name" : "建德路", "transcribed" : "Jiande Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1358", "end year" : "1358", "parent id" : "hvd_32172", "name" : "建安府", "transcribed" : "Jian'an Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1359", "end year" : "1361", "parent id" : "hvd_32171", "name" : "建德府", "transcribed" : "Jiande Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1362", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32164", "name" : "严州府", "transcribed" : "Yanzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23554", "name" : "上航埠", "transcribed" : "Shanghangbu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138810", "name" : "上航埠", "transcribed" : "Shanghangbu" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23560", "name" : "下航埠", "transcribed" : "Xiahangbu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138816", "name" : "下航埠", "transcribed" : "Xiahangbu" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23551", "name" : "城下村", "transcribed" : "Chengxiacun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138807", "name" : "城下村", "transcribed" : "Chengxiacun" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23556", "name" : "尖山", "transcribed" : "Jianshan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138812", "name" : "尖山", "transcribed" : "Jianshan" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23550", "name" : "柴埠市", "transcribed" : "Chaibushi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138806", "name" : "柴埠市", "transcribed" : "Chaibushi" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23553", "name" : "河湾埠", "transcribed" : "Hewanbu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138809", "name" : "河湾埠", "transcribed" : "Hewanbu" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23555", "name" : "渡济铺", "transcribed" : "Dujipu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138811", "name" : "渡济铺", "transcribed" : "Dujipu" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23557", "name" : "白峰", "transcribed" : "Baifeng" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138813", "name" : "白峰", "transcribed" : "Baifeng" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23552", "name" : "白桥", "transcribed" : "Baiqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138808", "name" : "白桥", "transcribed" : "Baiqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23734", "name" : "窄溪市", "transcribed" : "Zhaixishi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138987", "name" : "窄溪市", "transcribed" : "Zhaixishi" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23558", "name" : "袁阐", "transcribed" : "Yuanchan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138814", "name" : "袁阐", "transcribed" : "Yuanchan" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23559", "name" : "鸬鹚埠", "transcribed" : "Lucibu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138815", "name" : "鸬鹚埠", "transcribed" : "Lucibu" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23561", "name" : "黄山埠", "transcribed" : "Huangshanbu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138817", "name" : "黄山埠", "transcribed" : "Huangshanbu" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40814", "name" : "桐庐县", "transcribed" : "Tonglu Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "桐庐县(739年-1911年)治所



约开元二十七年(739年)移治桐江口,至1911年不改,治今浙江桐庐县。



约开元二十七年(739年)移治桐江口,属睦州,天宝元年(742年)属新定郡,乾元元年(758年)复属睦州(1)。光化三年(900年)钱鏐割隶杭州(2)。北宋太平兴国三年(978年)钱氏归宋,复属睦州,宣和三年(1121年)属严州,咸淳元年(1265年)属建德府(3)。元至元十四年(1277年)属建德路(4),至正十八年(1358年)朱元璋改属建安府,旋属建德府,二十二年(1362年)又属严州府(5)。顺治三年(1646年)入清至1911年不改(6)。治今浙江桐庐县(7)。


注:
(1)《旧唐书》卷40《地理志三》。北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1594~5页。《新唐书》卷41《地理志五》。北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1060页。
(2)《淳熙严州图经》卷1《历代沿革》:严州“光化三年钱鏐割桐庐隶杭州。”(北京,中华书局,1990年,《宋元方志丛刊》,5册,4286页。)
(3)《宋会要辑稿·方域六》:严州旧睦州,(宣和)三年改今名。“桐庐县,太平兴国三年自杭州来隶。”(北京,中华书局,1957年,8册,7417页。)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》:建德府,宣和三年改州,咸淳元年升府。(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2177页。)
(4)《元史》卷62《地理志五》。北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1495页。
(5)《明史》卷44《地理志五》:严州府“太祖戊戌三月为建安府,寻曰建德府,壬寅年二月改曰严州府”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1103页。)
(6)《清史稿》卷4《世祖纪一》:顺治三年“浙江平。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,2册,103页。)又卷65《地理志十二》。(8册,2146页。)内政部编《中华民国行政区域简表》。上海,商务印书馆,1947年,18页。
(7)《旧唐书》卷40《地理志三》:睦州桐庐县“旧治桐溪,开元二十六年,移治钟山。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1595页。)万历《严州府志》卷6《经略志四·古迹》:桐庐县古县城“在桐庐乡,去县治西北十五里,唐贞观二十年废桐江西岸城,改筑今旧县是也。”又县治城“唐开元二十六年废古县城,改筑于此。”(北京,书目文献出版社,1990年,《日本藏中国罕见地方志丛刊》,147页。)《清嘉庆一统志》卷302《严州府一·古迹》:桐庐故城“又有古严州城,在县西北十五里,桐江西岸,本隋仁寿二年鸿胪寺丞苏纶所筑,唐初置严州于此,今犹名为旧县。开元中移治钟山,后移桐江口,即今治。”又城下村“在桐庐县西北四十五里钟山乡,即唐开元中县治。”(商务印书馆,1934年,《四部丛刊续编》,111册,16、18页。)光绪八年《严州府志》卷5《营建》:桐庐县城池“开元二十六年,以邑有水患,复移于桐江口,即今县治是也。无城。”(《中国方地志从书》华中地方55号,成文出版社有限公司,1册,82页。)上引诸书,或说开元二十六年移治钟山,或说开元二十六年移治桐江口,当因移治钟山后旋移桐江口,故方志不记移治钟山。今作开元二十六年移治钟山,次年即移桐江口。今县西南16公里钟山乡有城下。(杭州,浙江教育出版社,1991年,《浙江古今地名词典》,440页。又见北京,地图出版社,1981年,《浙江省地图册》。)桐江即今分水江,(见上引《清统志》卷302《严州府一·山川》,14页。)今县治仍在江口,是移桐江口后至今未变。", "source uri" : "" }