{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40743", "sys_id" : "hvd_40743", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "鄞縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "鄞县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Qin Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "909", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.86632", "longitude" : "121.54266", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今鄞县(治今浙江宁波市)", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "909", "end year" : "1193", "parent id" : "hvd_32169", "name" : "明州", "transcribed" : "Ming Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1194", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32168", "name" : "庆元府", "transcribed" : "Qingyuan Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1366", "parent id" : "hvd_32167", "name" : "庆元路", "transcribed" : "Qingyuan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1367", "end year" : "1380", "parent id" : "hvd_32166", "name" : "明州府", "transcribed" : "Mingzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1381", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32205", "name" : "宁波府", "transcribed" : "Ningpo Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139597", "name" : "东吴街", "transcribed" : "Dongwujie" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139586", "name" : "五乡碶市", "transcribed" : "Wuxiangqishi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139604", "name" : "大皎村", "transcribed" : "Dajiaocun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139589", "name" : "天童街", "transcribed" : "Tiantongjie" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139598", "name" : "姜山街", "transcribed" : "Jiangshanjie" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139588", "name" : "宝幢市", "transcribed" : "Baozhuangshi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139590", "name" : "横山", "transcribed" : "Hengshan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139595", "name" : "横溪镇", "transcribed" : "Hengxizhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139602", "name" : "横街市", "transcribed" : "Hengjieshi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139592", "name" : "段塘市", "transcribed" : "Duantangshi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139591", "name" : "盐场街", "transcribed" : "Yanchangjie" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139599", "name" : "石碶市", "transcribed" : "Shiqishi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139603", "name" : "章村街", "transcribed" : "Zhangcunjie" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139593", "name" : "莫枝堰市", "transcribed" : "Mozhiyanshi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139587", "name" : "邱隘市", "transcribed" : "Qiu'aishi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139596", "name" : "邹溪", "transcribed" : "Zouxi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139600", "name" : "鄞江司", "transcribed" : "Yinjiangsi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139601", "name" : "集士镇", "transcribed" : "Jishizhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139594", "name" : "韩岭镇", "transcribed" : "Hanlingzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139605", "name" : "高桥镇", "transcribed" : "Gaoqiaozhen" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40742", "name" : "鄮县", "transcribed" : "Mao Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "鄞县(909年-1911年)治所


五代梁开平三年(909年)吴越钱氏改鄮县为鄞县,至1911年不改,即今浙江鄞县(治今宁波市)。


五代梁开平三年(909年)吴越钱氏改鄮县为鄞县,明州治(1)。北宋太平兴国三年(978年)钱氏归宋,照旧不改。绍熙五年(1194年)为庆元府治(2)。元至元十四年(1277年)为庆元路治(3),吴元年十二月(1367年)朱元璋又为明州府治,明洪武十四年(1381年)为宁波府治(4)。顺治三年(1646年)入清至1911年不改(5)。即今浙江鄞县(治今宁波市)(6)。


注:
(1)《舆地纪胜》卷11:庆元府鄞县“《四明图经》云,开元二十六年更名鄞县,而《唐志》不载,则开元中未尝为鄞县也。《舆地广记》以为五代时更鄞县,而《五代史》不载,又《寰宇记》尚名县曰鄮,则又非改于五代者,至王荆公为鄞县宰及《元丰九域志》始定于鄞县,三者俱不同,当考。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,1册,608页。)《宝庆四明志》卷1《沿革论》:“寻置望海县,梁之开平三年也。未几改县曰定海,鄮县亦改为鄞。”(北京,中华书局,1990年,《宋元方志丛刊》,5册,4997页。)明成化四年《宁波郡志》卷1《沿革考》:五代梁开平三年“鄮县亦改为鄞。”(《中国方地志从书》华中地方496号,成文出版社有限公司,1册,17页。)按:鄮县改鄞县年代,《纪胜》存疑,惟宋代始改一说,同样难于成立,盖《宋史》亦不载,《寰宇记》作鄮县,可能取材较早,而五代史料阙失不全,其时改名最为可信,今从《四明志》、《府志》。
(2)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》。北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2175页。
(3)《元史》卷62《地理志五》。北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1496页。
(4)《明史》卷44《地理志五》:宁波府“太祖吴元年十二月为明州府,洪武十四年二月改宁波。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1108页。)
(5)《清史稿》卷4《世祖纪一》:顺治三年“浙江平。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,2册,103页。)又同书卷65《地理志十二》。(8册,2134页。)内政部编《中华民国行政区域简表》。上海,商务印书馆,1947年,17页。
(6)《清嘉庆一统志》卷291《宁波府一·城池》:宁波府城“唐咸通中创筑,本朝雍正、乾隆中屡修。”(商务印书馆,1934年,《四部丛刊续编》,104册,4页。)1912年废府存县,1949年鄞县城区设宁波市,鄞县县治驻市。", "source uri" : "" }